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Aitareya Upanishad - Chapter 1, Section 1



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Invocation

My speech is harmonized with my mind and my mind is harmonized with my speech. He who is manifested, may He manifest himself before me. Acting as a nail, may He makes the knowledge of the Vedas stay with me. Do not let go what I have learned. With the help of what I have studied day and night, I speak that which is harmonious, I speak Truth. May that protect me, protect the speaker. Aum, peace, peace, peace.

1. The Self only verily all this was in the beginning. Nothing else whatsoever stirred. He (the Self) thought, "Let me now create the worlds."

2. He then created all these worlds. He created water, light rays, death and elements such as water. Above the heaven is water. The heaven supports it. The light rays are the space. Death is the earth. That which are below are also waters.

The water is life, awareness, consciousness. Light rays are the elements of the divinity. Death is common to earthly life, hence the expression, "death is the earth". The expression "that which are below" either refers to the great elements such as fire water, etc or to the nether worlds that are below the earth, which are also made up of the waters of life.

3. He thought, 'Here are now the worlds. Let me create their controllers. So from the waters He brought out the Purusha and gave him a shape.'

This verse refers to the creation of the primeval man, who is called 'purusam'. This Upanishad does not proceed on the lines of Samkhya theory. There is no mention of the creation of prakriti here as a separate entity. Purusha, is a created being and is the controller of this manifest universe.

4. He meditated upon him. From him who was thus meditated upon the mouth was separated, like (a chick coming out of) an egg. From the mouth came speech, from speech fire. The nostrils were separated. From the nostrils, breath, from breath air. The eyes were separated. From the eyes sight, from sight the sun. The ears were separated. From the ears hearing, from hearing the (eight) directions of space. The skin was separated. From the skin, the hairs, from the hair plants and trees. The heart was separated. From the heart the mind, from the mind the moon. The navel was separated. From the navel, the out breath, from the out breath came death. The reproductive organs were separated. From it semen, from semen water.

Before the creation there was nothing whatsoever. Only the self existed. There were no forms and no formation of any kind. From this state of nothingness came out forms by the will (thoughts) of God. The formation of the Purusha was the first stage in this process of creation. In the next stage various divinities were created.

It is a basic Hindu concept that man is a microcosmic representation of the macrocosm, the Purusha. All the gods and divinities exist in man also, though in a subtle form.The divinities who exist in the macrocosmic form of God (Purusha) as various energies or powers, also exist in His microcosmic aspect ( man or being) as sense organs, the mind, the reproductive organs and so on.

 

 

 

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