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The Dictionary, which is freely available to all web users (simply go to
www.logos.net ), contains over nine million
terms in 195 languages and dialects. Although this is only a fraction of
the world's estimated 7,000 languages, it's a pretty
impressive achievement non the less.
LANGUAGES MULTILINGUAL DICTIONARY -includes translation (Greek,
English, French, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, German, Dutch, Catalan,
Russian, Serbian, Slovenian, Romanian, Slovak, Polish, miscellaneous).
About Homonyms -includes definition (English).
English with Multi-Lingual Search : English Dictionary - With
Multi-Lingual Search. Includes translation (English, German, Dutch,
French, Italian, Spanish), definition (English), sound pronunciation,
synonym, example phrase.
|Behind the Name
The history and etymology of about 9215 names, indexed and
University Pronouncing Dictionary is a machine-readable
pronunciation dictionary for North American English that contains over
125,000 words and their transcriptions. You can download
it from here.
Dictionary -includes definition (English), illustration.
Bibliomania reference section. Bibliomania has
more than 2000 free texts, study guides,
reference resources including dictionaries,
books of quotations, synonyms, thesaurus,
and literary sources.
-includes definition (English), antonym, phonic pronunciation.
is a free English online dictionary where you can search 992 Online
English Dictionaries at Once!
Idiom Page: Find a long list of English idioms arranged
Speaking: What follows is list of some curious word origins.
Some of the words are English, but some are French and German words
that got into English.
Spanish Dictionary: dictionary of American English and Spanish
as spoken in Spain. You can either search for a term arranged
alphabetically or download the whole dictionary (over 25,000
Jobson Dictionary of Anglo-Indian terms: WORDS of Indian origin
have been insinuating themselves into English ever since the end of
the reign of Elizabeth and the beginning of that of King James. Know
the Indian words that are into English.
Latin Word List: This has been copied from the University
of Washington and formatted.
Latin-English/English-Latin Dictionary Client (Java): This Java
applet was written by Djun M. Kim, of the University of
British Columbia Mathematics Department, based on a Latin word list
compiled by Lynn Nelson at the University of Kansas.
Latin Word List: This upgrade of the Latin Word List
contains some eight thousand entries, although a significant number
are duplicates to allow the presentation of additional possible
translations and some few are idiosyncratic personal reminders
: Access 1800 dictionaries in 230 languages. YourDictionary.com
features Merriam-Webster's Collegiate�
Dictionary and Thesaurus as its preferred English language resource.
: Go to America's foremost publisher of language-related reference
works. The company publishes a diverse array of print and electronic
products, including Merriam-Webster's Collegiate� Dictionary, Tenth
Edition America's best-selling desk dictionary and Webster's
Third New International Dictionary, Unabridged.
Dictionary: An attempt to understand the Gurumukhi Alphabet.
This site requires you to download the punjabi font.
Thesaurus -includes definition (English), synonym, antonym.
Browse by headword, by category and software downloads.
& EVERYDAY EXPRESSIONS -Find meanings by searching for any
word in the expression or view by page A - Z. The wording of
the expression you have in mind may vary from the one found on this
Dictionary: This is the result of an ongoing project to collect
and distribute the most obscure and rare words in the English
language. It also contains a few words which do not have equivalent
words in English. At present, the dictionary contains approximately
1900 words, though it is constantly growing.
: contains more than 2,500 Western signs, arranged into 54 groups
according to their graphic characteristics. In 1,600 articles their
histories, uses, and meanings are thoroughly discussed. The signs
range from ideograms carved in mammoth teeth by Cro-Magnon men, to
hobo signs and subway graffiti.
UBIS Dictionary of Change: Notes and thoughts on various words.
Foolish Dictionary: An exhausting work of reference to
un-certain English words, their origin, meaning, legitimate and
illegitimate use, confused by A F E W P I C T U R E S By WALLACE
American Heritage� Dictionary of the English Language
Bartleby.com provides the most up-to-date editions of the Columbia
Encyclopedia and American Heritage Dictionary; the best contemporary
and classic thesauri and usage guides.
Wide Words: is Michael Quinion's renowned site that explores the
international English language from a British viewpoint. There are
more than 800 pages available, with more added each week. He
discusses new terms, displays weird words, gets behind expressions
in the news, helps you with tricky points, and answers questions.
Word For The Day : Herein is a complete list of worthless words
compiled from 1987 to present.
Plus Dictionary MedlinePlus brings together authoritative
information from NLM, the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and
other government agencies and health-related organizations.
Searchable online version of the Compact Oxford English
Dictionary, as well as thesauri, quotations, foreign language
dictionaries, a word of the day, and games.
History of Dictionary
The origins of lexicography began with dictionaries of difficult words in
classical texts. Early Greek language grammarians like Zenodotus and
Aristophanes of Byzantium compiled glossai ("glossaries") listing
unusual Homeric words. Unfortunately, these ancient dictionaries no longer
Chinese dictionaries are the oldest extant lexicons. The anonymous (ca. 3rd
century BCE) Erya arranged glosses from Chinese classic texts into 19
semantically arranged chapters. Yang Xiong's (1st century CE) Fangyan was the
world's first dialect dictionary. Xu Shen's (121 CE) Shuowen Jiezi dictionary
of Chinese characters was organized with an innovative system of 540 radicals
(recurring graphic components).
Roman lexicographers edited dictionaries for Classical Latin texts. Verrius
Flaccus compiled the (ca. 10 CE) De Verborum Significatu ("On the Meaning
of Words"), which listed difficult terms and quoted usage examples.
Although only fragments remain of Flaccus's original encyclopedic dictionary,
De Verborum Significatu was abridged in the 2nd century by Sextus Pompeius
Festus and in the 8th by Paul the Deacon.
The first dictionary of the Arabic language was the (8th century) Kitab al-Ayn
("The Book of Sources") compiled by Khalil ibn Ahmad.
The earliest English dictionaries were bilingual glossaries of Latin and
French, for instance, Thomas Elyot's Latin Dictionary (1538). Lexicographer
Sidney I. Landau describes the first monolingual English dictionaries.
The history of English lexicography usually consists of a recital of
successive and often successful acts of piracy. Representing what may be the
least inspiring of all seminal works, Robert Cawdrey's Table Alphabeticall of
1604 is generally accounted to be the first English dictionary. It incorporated
almost 90 percent of the words of Edmund Coote's English Schoole-Master, a
grammar, prayer book, and lexicon with brief definitions published in 1596.
Moreover, about half of Cawdrey's three thousand entries were taken from a
Latin-English dictionary of 1588, Thomas Thomas's Dictionarium Linguae Latinae
et Anglicanae. (1998:35)
Although some believe Samuel Johnson's famous Dictionary of the English
Language (1755) was the first true English dictionary, it was predated by
Thomas Blount's Glossographia (1656), John Kersey's A New English Dictionary
(1702), and Nathan Bailey's An Universal Etymological English Dictionary
The lexicographer Noah Webster edited A Compendious Dictionary of the
English Language (1806) and An American Dictionary of the English Language
(1828), published by the G. & C. Merriam Company. Competing publishers put
out other reference works entitled "Webster's Dictionary", and
eventually the term became a genericized trademark for any English language
dictionary. G. & C. Merriam reincorporated as Merriam-Webster, and
continues to publish dictionaries. Their unabridged Webster's International
Dictionary (2nd ed., 1934) claimed over 600,000 entries, but that inflated
number was for word combinations not headwords; Webster's Third New
International Dictionary, Unabridged (1961) contained over 450,000 head
For decades, the Oxford English Dictionary had the honor of being the
world's "largest" dictionary; the second edition (1989) included
291,500 entries on 21,730 pages in 20 volumes. Currently, three dictionaries
claim the title. The Woordenboek der Nederlandsche Taal ("Dictionary of
the Dutch language", 1998) has "half a million words covering 45,000
pages in 40 fat volumes, making it, according to the publicity, 'the biggest
dictionary in the world'". According to the Academic Dictionary of
Lithuanian (2005), "The twenty volumes of the Dictionary make up about
22,000 pages, comprising half a million headwords and over 11,000,000 words of
text." The online Logos Dictionary claims to be "the largest
dictionary in the world", with some 8 million entries in 232 languages