by Jayaram V
Chitta is one of the four aspects of the human mind, the other
three being buddhi (intelligence), manas (conscious mind) and ahamkara
(ego principle). The word "chinta" (thinking or worrying)
is derived from the word "chitta" only.
Chitta is the mind-stuff or a vast data warehouse where all past
memories, images, thoughts, feelings, desires, emotions, samskaras
and other forms of impressions of an individual remain stored. These
memories and impressions may belong to the current life of an individual
or even his or her previous lives. It is from here one picks
ones core thoughts and desires (vasanas), the sum of ones life and
actions, and carry them forward to ones next birth.
In the context of modern psychology chitta is the subconscious
mind. The collective consciousness of Jung which contain archetypal
and racial memories may be considered as part of chitta only. Chitta
plays an important role in the creation and recollection of dream
states as the dream experiences of the sleeping state are also stored
in the chitta.
One of the principal aims of yoga is quieting the mind, an integral
aspect of which consists of quieting the chitta also. During some
forms of meditation we can witness how thoughts and memories
arise from the depths of our chitta and then subside into it. This
understanding would help us gain control over our thought process
and attain inner calm.
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