HYMN XVII Indra-Varuna
1 I CRAVE help from the Imperial Lords, from
Indra-Varuna; may they
Both favour one of us like me.
2 Guardians of men, ye ever come with ready succour at the
Of every singer such as I.
3 Sate you, according
to your wish, O Indra-Varuna, with wealth:
we have you nearest us.
4 May we be sharers of the powers,
sharers of the benevolence
Of you who give strength bounteously.
5 Indra and Varuna, among givers of thousands, meet for
Are Powers who merit highest laud.
their protection may we gain great store of wealth, and
heap it up
Enough and still to spare, be ours.
Indra-Varuna, on you for wealth in many a form I call:
Still keep ye us victorious.
8 O Indra-Varuna, - through
our songs that seek to win you to ourselves,
at once your sheltering help.
9 O Indra-Varuna, to you
may fair praise which I offer come,
joint eulogy which
HYMN XXIV. Varuna and Others.
1 WHO now is he, what God among Immortals,
of whose auspicious name we may bethink us?
to mighty Aditi restore us, that I may see my Father and
2 Agni the God the first among the Immortals,
- of his auspicious name let us bethink us.
to mighty Aditi restore us, that I may see my Father and
3 To thee, O Savitar, the Lord of precious
things, who helpest us
Continually, for our share we
4 Wealth, highly lauded ere reproach hath fallen
on it, which is laid,
Free from all hatred, in thy hands
5 Through thy protection may we come to even the height
Which Bhaga hath dealt out to us.
have those birds that fly through air attained to thy high
dominion or thy might or spirit;
Nor these the waters
that flow on for ever, nor hills, abaters of the wind's
7 Varuna, King, of hallowed might, sustaineth
erect the Tree's stem in the baseless region.
whose root is high above, stream downward. Deep may they
sink within us, and be hidden.
8 King Varuna hath made
a spacious pathway, a pathway for the Sun wherein to travel.
Where no way was he made him set his footstep, and warned
afar whate'er afflicts the spirit.
9 A hundred balms
are thine, O King, a thousand; deep and wide-reaching also
be thy favours.
Far from us, far away drive thou Destruction.
Put from us e'en the sin we have committed.
by day depart the constellations that shine at night, set
high in heaven above us?
Varuna's holy laws remain unweakened,
and through the night the Moon moves on in splendor
I ask this of thee with my prayer adoring; thy worshipper
craves this with his oblation.
Varuna, stay thou here
and be not angry; steal not our life from us, O thou Wide-Ruler.
12 Nightly and daily this one thing they tell me, this too
the thought of mine own heart repeateth.
May he to whom
prayed fettered Sunahsepa, may he the Sovran Varuna release
13 Bound to three pillars captured Sunahsepa thus
to the Aditya made his supplication.
Him may the Sovran
Varuna deliver, wise, ne'er deccived, loosen the bonds that
14 With bending down, oblations, sacrifices,
O Varuna, we deprecate thine anger:
Wise Asura, thou
King of wide dominion, loosen the bonds of sins by us committed.
15 Loosen the bonds, O Varuna, that hold me, loosen the
bonds above, between, and under.
So in thy holy law may
we made sinless belong to Aditi, O thou Aditya.
HYMN XXV. Varuna.
I WHATEVER law of thine, O God, O Varurna,
as we are men,
Day after day we violate.
2 give us
not as a prey to death, to be destroyed by thee in wrath,
To thy fierce anger when displeased.
3 To gain thy mercy,
Varuna, with hymns we bind thy heart, as binds
his tethered horse.
4 They flee from me dispirited, bent
only on obtaining wealths
As to their nests the birds
5 When shall we bring, to be appeased, the Hero,
Lord of warrior might,
Him, the far-seeing Varuna?
6 This, this with joy they both accept in common: never
do they fail
The ever-faithful worshipper.
7 He knows
the path of birds that fly through heaven, and, Sovran of
He knows the ships that are thereon.
to his holy law, he knows the twelve moons with their progeny:
He knows the moon of later birth.
9 He knows the pathway
of the wind, the spreading, high, and mighty wind
knows the Gods who dwell above.
10 Varuna, true to holy
law, sits down among his people; he,
Most wise, sits
there to govern. all.
11 From thence percerving he beholds
all wondrous things, both what hath been,
And what hereafter
will be done.
12 May that Aditya, very -wise, make fair
paths for us all our days:
May lie prolong our lives
13 Varuna, wearing golden mail, hath clad him
in a shining robe.
His spies are seated found about.
14 The God whom enemies threaten not, nor those who tyrannize
Nor those whose minds are bent on wrong.
15 He who gives glory to mankind, not glory that is incomplete,
To our own bodies giving it.
16 Yearning for the wide-seeing
One, my thoughts move onward unto him,
As kine unto their
17 Once more together let us speak, because
my meath is brought: priest-like
Thou eatest what is
dear to thee.
18 Now saw I him whom all may see, I saw
his car above the earth:
He hath accepted these my songs.
19 Varuna, hear this call of mine: be gracious unto us this
Longing for help I cried to thee.
20 Thou, O wise
God, art Lord of all, thou art the King of earth and heaven
Hear, as thou goest on thy way.
21 Release us from the
upper bond, untie the bond between, and loose
below, that I may live.
HYMN XLI. Varuna, Mitra, Aryaman.
1 NE'ER is he injured whom the Gods Varuna,
The excellently wise, protect.
prospers ever, free from scathe, whom they, as with full
Whom they preserve from every foe.
3 The Kings drive far away from him his troubles and his
And lead him safely o'er distress.
Adityas, is the path, easy for him who seeks the Law:
With him is naught to anger you.
5 What sacrifice, Adityas,
ye Heroes guide by the path direct,-
May that come nigh
unto your thought.
6 That mortal, ever unsubdued, gains
wealth and every precious thing,
And children also of
7 How, my friends, shall we prepare Aryaman's
and Mitra's laud,
Glorious food of Varuna?
8 I point
not out to you a man who strikes the pious, or reviles:
Only with hymns I call you nigh.
9 Let him not love to
speak ill words: but fear the One who holds all four
Within his hand, until they fall.
HYMN CXXXVI. Mitra-Varuna.
1. BRING adoration ample and most excellent,
hymn, offierings, to the watchful Twain, the bountiful,
your sweetest to the bounteous Ones.
Sovrans adored with
streams of oil and praised at every sacrifice.
high imperial might may nowhere be assailed, ne'er may their
Godhead be assailed.
2 For the broad Sun was seen a path
more widely laid, the path of holy law hath been maintained
with rays, the eye with Bhaga's rays of light.
in heaven is Mitra's home, and Aryaman's and Varuna's.
Thence they give forth great vital strength which merits
praise, high power of life that men shall praise.
Aditi the luminous, the celestial, upholder of the people,
come ye day by day, ye who watch sleepless, day by day.
Resplendent might have ye obtained, Adityas, Lords of liberal
Movers of men, mild both, are Mitra, Varuna, mover
of men is Aryaman.
4 This Soma be most sweet to Mitra,
Varuna: he in the drinking-feasts, shall have a share thereof,
sharing, a God, among the Gods.
May all the Gods of one
accord accept it joyfully to-day.
Therefore do ye, O
Kings, accomplish what we ask, ye Righteous Ones, whate'er
5 Whoso, with worship serves Mitra and VaruiIa,
him guard ye carefully, uninjured, from distress, guard
from distress the liberal man.
Aryaman guards him well
who acts uprightly following his law,
their service with his lauds, who makes it beautiful with
songs of praise.
6 Worship will I proress to lofty Dyaus,
to Heaven and Earth, to Mitra and to bounteous Varuna, the
Bounteous, the Compassionate.
Praise Indra, praise thou
Agni, praise Bhaga and heavenly Aryaman.
Long may we
live and have attendant progeny, have progeny with Soma's
7 With the Gods' help, with Indra still beside
us, may we be held self-splendid with the Maruts.
Agni, Mitra, Varuna give us shelter this may we gain, we
and our wealthy princes.
HYMN CXXXVII. Mitra-Varuna.
1. WITH stones have we pressed out: O come;
these gladdening drops are blent with milk, these Soma-drops
which gladden you.
Come to us, Kings who reach to heaven,
approach us, coming hitherward.
These milky drops are
yours, Mitra and Varuna, bright Soma juices blent with milk.
2 Here are the droppings; come ye nigh the Soma-droppings
blent with curd, juices expressed and blent with curd.
Now for the wakening of your Dawn together with the Sun-God's
juice waits for Mitra and for Varuna to drink,
fair juice for drink, for sacrihce.
3 As 'twere a radiant-coloured
cow, they milk with stones the stalk for you, with stones
they milk the Soma-plant.
May ye come nigh us, may ye
turn hither to drink the Soma juice.
The men pressed
out this juice, Mitra and Varuna, pressed out this Soma
for your drink.
HYMN CLI. Mitra and Varuna
1. HEAVEN and earth trembled at the might
and voice of him, whom, loved and Holy One, helper of all
The wise who longed for spoil in fight for kine
brought forth with power, a Friend, mid waters, at the sacrifice.
2 As these, like friends, have done this work for you, these
prompt servants of Purumilha Soma-offerer,
power to him who sings the sacred song, and hearken, Strong
Ones, to the master ofthe house.
3 The folk have glorified
your birth from Earth and Heaven, to be extolled, ye Strong
Ones, for your mighty power.
Ye, when ye bring to singer
and the rite, enjoy the sacrifice periormed with holy praise
4 The people prospers, Asuras! whom ye
dearly love: ye, Righteous Ones, proclaim aloud the Holy
That efficacious power that comes from lofty heaven,
ye bind unto the work, as to the pole an ox.
5 On this
great earth ye send your treasure down with might: unstained
by dust, the crowding kine are in the stalls.
the neighbourhood they cry unto the Sun at morning and at
evening, like swift birds of prey.
6 The flames with
curling tresses serve your sacrifice, whereto ye sing the
song, Mitra and Varuna.
Send down of your free will,
prosper our holy songs: ye are sole Masters of the singer's
hymn of praise.
7 Whoso with sacrifices toiling brings
you gifts, and worships, sage and priest, fulfilling your
To him do ye draw nigh and taste his sacrifice.
Come well-inclined to us unto our songs and prayer.
With sacrifices and with milk they deck you first, ye Righteous
Ones, as if through stirrings of the mind.
To you they
bring their hymns with their collected thought, while ye
with earnest soul come to us gloriously.
9 Rich strength
of life is yours: ye, Heroes, have obtained through your
surpassing powers rich far-extending might.
Not the past
days conjoined with nights, not rivers, not the Papis have
attained your Godhead and your wealth.
HYMN CLII. Mitra-Varuna.
1. THE robes which ye put on abound with fatness:
uninterrupted courses are your counsels.
Mitra-Varuna! ye conquer, and closely cleave unto the Law
2 This might of theirs hath no one comprehended.
True is the crushing word the sage hath uttered,
fearful four-edged bolt smites down the three-edged, and
those who hate the Gods first fall and perish.
Footless Maid precedeth footed creatures. Who marketh, Mitra-Varuna,
this your doing?
The Babe Unborn supporteth this world's
burthen, fuIfilleth Law and overcometh falsehood.
look on him the darling of the Maidens, always advancing,
never falling downward,
Wearing inseparable, wide-spread
raiment, Mitra's and Varuna's delightful glory.
Courser, horn but not of horses, neighing he flieth on with
The youthful love mystery thought-surpassing,
praising in Mitra-Varuna, its glory.
6 May the milch-kine
who favour Mamateya prosper in this world him who loves
May he, well skilled in rites, be food, and
calling Aditi with his lips give us assistance.
Mitra-Varuna, with love and worship, let me make you delight
in this oblation.
May our prayer be victorious in battles,
may we have rain from heaven to make us prosper.
HYMN CLIII. Mitra-Varuna.
1. WE worship with our reverence and oblations
you, Mitra Varuna, accordant, mighty,
So that with us,
ye Twain whose backs are sprinkled with oil, the priests
with oil and hymns support you.
2 Your praise is like
a mighty power, an impulse: to you, Twain Gods, a well-formed
hymn is offered,
As the priest decks yon, Strong Ones,
in assemblies, and the prince fain to worship you for blessings.
3 O Mitra-Varuna, Aditi the Milch-cow streams for the rite,
for folk who bring oblation,
When in the assembly he
who worships moves you, like to a human priest, with gifts
4 So may the kine and heavenly Waters pour
you sweet drink in families that make you joyful.
this may he, the ancient House-Lord, give us. Enjoy, drink
of the milk the cow provideth.