Chandogya Upanishad

Chandogya Upanishad

Book Details

ISBN/SKU: 1935760084
ISBN Complete: 978-1-935760-08-5
Book Type: B&W 6.0 x 9.0 in Perfect Bound on White w/Gloss Lam
Page Count: 218
Edition: First
Yr. of Pub.: 2013
Printed in: USA
Max Retail Price: $30.25
US Sale Price: Click Here to Know

What this book is about

This is the most recent, accurate and complete translation of the Chandogya Upanishad into English with explanatory notes by Jayaram V. It  includes introduction, original Sanskrit verses in transliterated Devanagari script, along with translation of each verse, explanatory notes, and bibliography. The effort forms a part of the translation of the 16 major Upanishads published into three books by the same author.

About Chandogya Upanishad

The Chandogya Upanishad forms part of the Chandogya Brahmana of Samaveda. Out of the ten chapters of the Brahmana, the first two contain knowledge of sacrifices and methods of worship, while the last eight constitute the Chandogya Upanishad. Historically, it is one of the most ancient Upanishads and played a significant role in the emergence of the Vedanta Philosophy. It is believed that the Upanishad might be a collection of several independent texts that brought together in its current form to signify the ritual and spiritual significance of Saman chants. It is evident from the verses that the composers of the Upanishads, had specialized knowledge of Vedic rituals and excelled in the practice of singing the Samans. Hence they interpreted the knowledge of Brahman and Atman through the eyes of a Udgatri priest, who specialized in the knowledge of Samaveda. The Upanishad begins with the declaration that one should meditate upon Aum as the High Chant (Udgita).

The Chandogya Upanishad is the second largest among the principal Upanishads, next only to Brihadaranyaka Upanishad. Both contain common themes and are referenced in other ancient works such as the Brahmasutras. It also contains the famous declaration, "Tatvamasi," meaning, "You are That." It contains 629 verses arranged into eight chapters and 154sections. Of them the first chapter contains the maximum number of verses and the lowest number of sections; and the seventh chapter contains lowest number of verses and maximum number of sections. An overview of the Upanishad in the form a table showing the number verses, sections and chapters can be seen in the next page. Some important themes of the Upanishad are provided below.

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Table of Contents

Author's Note - Introduction
Chapter 1
Aum as the Essence of the Udgita
Sense Organs as the Udgita
Breath and Other Deities as the Udgita
Aum as the Immortal Sound
Udgita as the Sun and the Sound in Breath
Symbolism of Rik and Saman in Creation
Symbolism of Rik and Saman in the Body
A Discussion on the Udgita
Space as the Udgita
The Legend of Usati Cakrayana
The Deities of Sacrifice
The Udgita of Dogs
The Secret Knowledge of Sounds in Samans
Chapter 2
Meditation on the Whole Saman
The Fivefold Saman With Regard to Worlds
The Fivefold Saman With Regard to Rain
The Fivefold Saman With Regard to Water
The Fivefold Saman With Regard to Seasons
The Fivefold Saman With Regard to Animals
The Fivefold Saman With Regard to Breaths
The Sevenfold Saman With Regard to Speech
The Sevenfold Saman With Regard to the Sun
The Sevenfold Saman With Regard to Itself
The Saman Hidden in the Senses
The Rathantara Saman in the Fire
The Vamadeva Saman in the Coitus
The Brhat Saman in the sun
The Vairupya Saman in the Clouds
The Vairaja Saman in the Seasons
The Sakavari Saman in the Clouds
The Revati Saman in the Beings
The Yajnayajniya Saman in the Limbs
The Rajana Saman in the Deities
The Saman Woven in All
Different Ways of Singing the Saman
The Threefold Nature of Merit, Worlds and Aum
How To Perform Soma Sacrifices Correctly
Chapter 3
The Sun as the Honey of Gods - Rigveda
The Sun as the Honey of Gods - Yajurveda
The Sun as the Honey of Gods - Samaveda
The Sun as the Honey of Gods - Atharvaveda
The Sun as the Honey of Gods - The Vedas
The Vasus as the Nectar
The Rudras as the Nectar
The Adityas as the Nectar
The Maruts as the Nectar
The Sadhyas as the Nectar
The Secret Teaching of Brahma
The Greatness of Gayatri
The Five Openings of the Heart
Sandilya Vidya Regarding Brahman and Self
Brahman as the Imperishable Chest
Daily Sacrifices Compared to Phases of Life
The Life of a Person as a Sacrifice
Twofold Meditation Upon Brahman
Separation of Worlds from the Cosmic Egg
Chapter 4
The Fame Of Raikva, the One With The Cart
Janasruti and Raikva
The offering of Gifts
Air and Breath, the Absorbers
The Legend of Satyakama Jabala
The One Foot of Brahman
The Second Foot of Brahman
The Third Foot of Brahman
The Fourth Foot of Brahman
The Importance of a Teacher
Upakosala Receiving the Knowledge of Fires
The Forms of Garhapatya Fire
The Forms of Anvaharya Fire
The Forms of Ahvaniya Fire
The Purifying Knowledge of the Self
The Divine Path to the World of Brahman
The Role of the Brahman Priest in a Sacrifice
The Methods of Rectifying a Sacrifice
Chapter 5
The Superiority of Breath to the Body
A Mantha Rite to Attain Greatness
The Paths by Which Souls Travel upon Death
The Heaven as Sacrificial Fire
The Rains as Sacrificial Fire
The Earth as Sacrificial Fire
Man As Sacrifical Fire
Woman as Sacrificial Fire
Water the Fifth Libation
The Two Paths to Liberation
Vaisvanara, the Eater of Food
Incomplete Worship of Brahman as Gods
Incomplete Worship of Brahman as the Sun
Incomplete Worship of Brahman as Breath
Incomplete Worship of Brahman as Space
Incomplete Worship of Brahman as Water
Incomplete Worship of Brahman as the Support
Worshipping Brahman as the Self
Making an Offering of Food to Prana
Making an Offering of Food to Vyana
Making an Offering of Food to Apana
Worshipping Brahman with the Offering of
Making an Offering of Food to Udana
The Importance of Correct Knowledge
Chapter 6
Uddalaka Aruni's Teaching to Svetaketu
How Creation Manifested
Threefold Origin of Beings
The Triple Qualities of Creation
Threefold Nature of Food, Water and Fire
The Subtle Aspects of Food, Water and Fire
The Connection Between Food and Memory
The Being as the Source of All Beings
The Self as the Essence of All Beings
The Self as the Subtle Essence
The Self as the Root of All Beings
An Example of Seed in Reference to the Self
An Example of Salt in Reference to the Self
The Importance of a Teacher in Liberation
Awareness in the Final Moments Of Death
The Self as the Truth
Chapter 7
Meditation upon the Names of Brahman
Speech as Brahman
The Mind as Brahman
Intention as Brahman
The Discerning Mind as Brahman
Meditation as Brahman
Learned knowledge as Brahman
Strength as Brahman
Food as Brahman
Water as Brahman
Fire As Brahman
Memory as Brahman
Hope as Brahman
Breath as Brahman
Truth and Speech
Understanding and Truth
Thinking and Knowing
Faith and Thought
Steadfast Service and Faith
Action and Steadfast Service
Happiness and Actions
The Infinite as Happiness
The Difference Between Finite and Infinite
The Ego and the Self
The Self as the Source of All
Chapter 8
The Body as the City of Brahman
The Desires of a Self
Realized Person
True Desires and False Desires
The Self as the Bridge and the Boundary of the Worlds
Brahmacharya as a Sacrifice
Prajapati's Instruction Regarding True Self
The Demonic View of the Body as the Self
Indra's Quest for the True Knowledge of Self
The Self that Wanders in Dreams
The Self in Sleep
The Self as the Knower and Enjoyer
Reaching the World of Brahman Overcoming the Obstacles
A Prayer of the Soul to Prajapati
Instruction Regarding Instruction
A Note on Cover Page Illustration

Suggestions for Further Reading

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