Navaratri - The Hindu Festival



by Jayaram V

A doctor from Indore once told me that many people visited him, complaining stomach upset after the Durga festival. When I asked him for reasons, he told me that it was because people would fast for nine days and when they started eating again they would develop digestion problems. Despite the inconvenience people would keep doing it year after year. Some people observe the fast so strictly that they would even avoid drinking water.

If you visit some North Indian towns, you would see in some places wide open grounds with  large statues of Ravana installed in the middle with his ten fierce heads, and holding a large sword. During the Navaratri festival people would assemble in those grounds and burn effigies of Ravana. During normal times you may see children playing in the ground, but no one usually disturbs the statues either out of fear or respect. The story of Ramayana is deeply embedded in the mind of Hindus. It is the most popular epic in the world, and probably the most ancient. It is popular even in Thailand, Burma, Tibet, China, and Far Eastern countries. Lord Rama is associated with many Hindu festivals. Of them Navaratri or Dussehra is the most popular.

Ravana's Effigy Ravana's Effigy

Navarati, the festival of nine nights, is an important festival of Hindus, which is celebrated variously in different parts of India. In some states like Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh, it is celebrated as Ramalila, meaning the play of Rama, to commemorate the victory of Lord Rama against Ravana, the demon king of Lanka. Each day, people recite readings from the Ramayana, especially Ramacharitmanas of Tulsidas, or listen to them, or watch plays that depict incidents from the life of Rama.

After celebrating the festival for nine days, on the tenth day, called Vijayadasami (the tenth day of victory) effigies of Ravana, his son Meghanatha and his brother Kumbhkarna are burnt amidst a lot of fanfare. In the metropolitan cities of India, especially New Delhi, many celebrities and political leaders also participate in the festivities. Benares is a famous Hindu pilgrim center where the Ramalila plays are enacted on a large scale.

In the eastern states of India like Bengal, Bihar and Assam, people celebrate the nine days as Durga festival. The reason why the festival is celebrated for nine days is the Goddess has nine forms or aspects. Hence she is also known as Navadurga. In southern India, goddess Saraswathi is also worshipped during the Navaratri.

Hindu tradition recognizes five different Navaratris celebrated each year at different times, and on each occasion a different aspect of the Goddess is worshipped. Of them Mahanavarati or Sharad Navaratri is the most important, which is celebrated during the month of Sharad (September - October). On the first day, the goddess is invoked by worshipping her clay image. Each day she is made offerings. On the tenth day, her image is carried in a great procession and immersed in the waters of a lake, river, canal or ocean. The festival is celebrated in various parts of India with minor variations. Many people fast on the nine days for self-purification and abstain from eating meat or drinking liquor.

The question that often asked is why do Hindus celebrate the same festival differently? Whether it is Diwali, Navaratri or Sankranti, people in different parts of India worship different deities and associate different legends to the festival. While it is difficult to know exactly what happened in the remote past, one of the probable reasons could be that the nine night festival was originally associated with the fertility cults of prehistoric times in the Indian subcontinent. Over time people in different parts of the country might have adapted it into their local cultures by associating ancient myths and legends to it and introducing new practices to suit their local needs.

What is the benefit of celebrating Navaratri? The goddess will take away your sins, your evil and demonic tendencies and help in your spiritual transformation. She purifies your consciousness and helps you to awaken your hidden potentials. Your major problem in your life is your animal nature. It is your inner animal (pasu), which prevents you from knowing the truth of yourself (pati). It is responsible for your desires, attachments (pasas) bondage, and delusion (moha). The goddess helps you to subdue the animal in you and cultivate the higher qualities of compassion, wisdom and sameness and ascebd through the nine doors of consciousness into the highest heaven.

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