Free EBooks and Texts - History

Mount Rushmore

Find here a vast collection on free online EBooks, Electronic and Digital texts (Etexts) in various categories for study and research.

About History

History (from Greek historia, meaning "inquiry, knowledge acquired by investigation") is an umbrella term that relates to past events as well as the discovery, collection, organization, and presentation of information about these events. The term includes cosmic, geologic, and organic history, but is often generically implied to mean human history. Scholars who write about history are called historians.

History can also refer to the academic discipline which uses a narrative to examine and analyse a sequence of past events, and objectively determine the patterns of cause and effect that determine them

Historians sometimes debate the nature of history and its usefulness by discussing the study of the discipline as an end in itself and as a way of providing "perspective" on the problems of the present.

Stories common to a particular culture, but not supported by external sources (such as the tales surrounding King Arthur) are usually classified as cultural heritage or legends, because they do not support the "disinterested investigation" required of the discipline of history. Events occurring prior to written record are considered prehistory.

Herodotus, a 5th-century B.C. Greek historian is considered within the Western tradition to be the "father of history", and, along with his contemporary Thucydides, helped form the foundations for the modern study of human history. Their work continues to be read today and the divide between the culture-focused Herodotus and the military-focused Thucydides remains a point of contention or approach in modern historical writing. In the Eastern tradition, a state chronicle the Spring and Autumn Annals was known to be compiled from as early as 722 BCE although only 2nd century BCE texts survived.

Ancient influences have helped spawn variant interpretations of the nature of history which have evolved over the centuries and continue to change today. The modern study of history is wide-ranging, and includes the study of specific regions and the study of certain topical or thematical elements of historical investigation. Often history is taught as part of primary and secondary education, and the academic study of history is a major discipline in University studies.1*

E-texts History

New Light on the Origins of Vedic Civilization, by Kenneth Chandler PhD HOW ANCIENT IS THE VEDIC TRADITION and how did it begin? Was it the creation of a people who invaded India from outside, as many European scholars believed for centuries? Or did it arise among an indigenous people of northern India?

Natural History (Bookshelf) 2 KB (213 words) - 21:34, 24 September 2008

Gutenberg:The History and Philosophy of Project Gutenberg by Michael Hart 15 KB (2,664 words) - 04:19, 8 April 2010

Current History (Bookshelf) United States publication devoted exclusively to world affairs.

Children's History (Bookshelf) These are books suitable for teaching history to children. == World History == 11 KB (1,553 words) - 13:27, 24 July 2011

The Journal of Negro History (Bookshelf) ...times a year by the Association for the Study

The Civil War Through the Camera by Henry W. Elson - Patriot Publishing Co. , 1912. An impartial narrative supplementing the pictures

Prehistoric America by Stephen D. Peet - American Antiquarian Office , 1892
It is very interesting to get a view of a condition of things which once existed, but will never be seen again.

The Battle of New Orleans by Zachary F. Smith - John P. Morton & Company , 1904 The Battle of New Orleans took place on January 8, 1815 and was the final major battle of the War of 1812.

The Photographic History of the Civil War by F.T. Miller, R.S. Lanier, J.V. Scaife - The Review of reviews co. , 1911. The Photographic History of the Civil War was first published in 1911 to commemorate the fiftieth anniversary of the great conflict.

US History since 1877 by James Ross-Nazzal - Connexions , 2010 This is a textbook to be used for the second part of the US history survey course (U. S. after 1877) at Houston Community College, written by Dr. James Ross-Nazzal.

Introductory American History by Elbert J. Benton, Henry E. Bourne - Project Gutenberg , 2006. This is the introductory part of a course in American history embodying the plan of study recommended by the Committee of Eight of the American Historical Association.

Ocean to Ocean on Horseback by Willard W. Glazier - Edgewood publishing company , 1899. The story of a tour in the saddle from the Atlantic to the Pacific; with especial reference to the early history and development of cities and towns along the route.

Free At Last: The U.S. Civil Rights Movement by Michael Jay Friedman - U. S. Department of State , 2009. This book recounts how African-American slaves and their descendants struggled to win the civil rights enjoyed by other Americans.

Women of Influence by Mark Betka, at al. - U. S. Department of State , 2006. Women of Influence: this collection chronicles how 21 notable American women broke new ground, some by championing equal rights for all and others by their accomplishments in fields such as government, literature, and even in war.

The Niagara River by Archer Butler Hulbert - G. P. Putnam's Sons , 1908
As the geologic wonder of a continent and the commercial marvel of the present century, the Niagara River is one of the most remarkable streams in the world. In historic interest, too, it takes rank with any American river.

The True Benjamin Franklin by Sydney George Fisher - J.B. Lippincott Company , 1903. This is an analysis of the life and character of Franklin. The author endeavored to let Franklin speak for himself. The text is in the way of an estimate of his position, worth, and work, and gives every essential fact of his career.

Sages and Heroes of the American Revolution. by L. Carroll Judson - Moss & Brother , 1854. This book contains the condensed substance of more expensive works that have been published relative to the men and times of the American Revolution.

Ku Klux Klan: Its Origin, Growth and Disbandment by W. L. Fleming, J. C. Lester, D. L. Wilson - Project Gutenberg , 2010. This small monograph is an early inside view of the Ku Klux Klan in Tennessee, where it was first born, written some twenty years after the events of Reconstruction, augmented by an introductory essay written by noted historian Walter L. Fleming.

Hero Stories from American History by Francis K. Ball, Albert F. Blaisdell - The Athenaeum Press , 1903 This book is intended to be used as a supplementary historical reader for the pupils from twelve to fifteen years of age.

U.S. History Sourcebook - Basic - CK-12 Foundation , 2009 Contents: Introduction; Colonial America; The Early Republic; Manifest Destiny and the Slavery Question; A Nation Divided: The American Civil War and Reconstruction; The Gilded Age and the Rise of American Power; The Progressive Era; World War I. (3897 views)

The Presidents: A Reference History by Henry F. Graff - Advameg, Inc. , 2009 This a standard resource for students and the general public alike: U.S. presidents from George Washington to George W. Bush are profiled in depth. This is the story of the national political leadership of the country during the nearly two centuries. (5603 views)

Over the Edge: Remapping the American West by V. J. Matsumoto, B. Allmendinger - University of California Press , 1999 From the Gold Rush to rush hour, the history of the American West is fraught with diverse, subversive, and at times downright eccentric elements. This provocative volume challenges traditional readings of western history and literature. (3550 views)

The Writings of Abraham Lincoln by Abraham Lincoln - Pennsylvania State University , 2002 Abraham Lincoln was the sixteenth President of the United States, serving from 1861 until his assassination. This immense collection includes Lincoln's speeches, letters, and telegrams. It provides a vivid picture of history as lived day-to-day. (6862 views)

The Roosevelt Myth by John Flynn - Devin-Adair , 1949 Roosevelt is the most sainted president of the 20th century. But as John T. Flynn noted in this volume, FDR actually prolonged the Great Depression and deliberately dragged the country into a war that seriously compromised American liberties. (4499 views)

Narratives of the Witchcraft Cases, 1648-1706 by George Lincoln Burr - University of Virginia Library These narratives of witchcraft are no fairy tales. Weird as they seem to us, they were the most intense of realities to thousands of men and women in 17th century America. They were the bulletins of a war more actual than any fray of flesh and blood. (3467 views)

The Decline of the American Republic by John T. Flynn - Mises Institute , 2007 In 1955, John T. Flynn saw what few others journalist did: the welfare-warfare state conspired to bring down American liberty. The New Deal combined with World War Two had fastened leviathan control over a country born in liberty. (6047 views)

The American Story by Garet Garrett - Henry Regnery Company , 1955 The real American story, from its beginning on the empty stage of a New World until now, is entirely improbable. Every attempt to account for it rationally leaves you with a feeling that something important has been left out. (4594 views)

The God of the Machine by Isabel Paterson - G.P. Putnam's Sons , 1943 The author presents an original theory of history and a bold defense of individualism as the source of moral and political progress. When it was published, her book placed her in the vanguard of the free-enterprise movement now sweeping the world. (8087 views)

Conceived in Liberty by Murray N. Rothbard - Ludwig von Mises Institute , 2000 This book offers a complete history of the Colonial period of American history. Rothbard sheds new light on Colonial history and show that the struggle for human liberty was the heart and soul of this land from its discovery through the Revolution. (4940 views)

Digital History: Online American History Textbook by Steven Mintz - University of Houston , 2009 A history of the United States from the Revolution to the present. The book weaves together a very well done story of America. It is encyclopedic in its coverage, with hundreds of pages on everything from Native Americans to the 9-11 attacks. (6692 views)

Outline of U.S. History by G. Clack, M. S. Neely, A. Hamby - Nova Science , 2005 A chronological look at how the United States took shape -- from its origins as an obscure set of colonies on the Atlantic coast a little more than 200 years ago into what one political analyst today calls the first universal nation. (5026 views)

The Loss of the S.S. Titanic: Its Story and Its Lessons by Lawrence Beesley - Historical Text Archive , 2000 Lawrence Beesley boarded the Titanic to go for a holiday in the States. His account of the epic disaster is widely regarded as one of the fairest and most comprehensive of its kind. Full of nautical detail and written with a hair-raising clarity. (8805 views)

A Century of War by John V. Denson - Ludwig Von Mises Institute , 2006 The book covers the history of America's large wars from 1860 through the Cold War, describing the 20th century as the bloodiest in all history. Denson recounts how the wars came about through a series of deceitful political ploys. (8246 views)

Reassessing the Presidency : The Rise of the Executive State and the Decline of Freedom by John V. Denson - Mises Institute , 2001 This remarkable book is the first full-scale revision of the official history of the U.S. executive state. Contributors examine the usual judgments of the historical profession to show the ugly side of supposed presidential greatness. (6237 views)

The Dropping of the Atomic Bomb: Truman's True Intentions by Dominick Abel Severance - Christendom College , 2007 Truman’s true intention was to use the destruction of a Japanese city to shock the world and manipulate the horror and destructive power of the bomb to create fear in the international community to ensure the security of American political interests. (7064 views)

The Beginner's American History by D. H. Montgomery - Ginn & Company , 1899 A textbook for pupils beginning the study of our history. This is a panorama of the leading events of our history, with their causes and results clearly traced. It is sometimes regarded as the best school history of the United States yet published. (4684 views)

History of the United States by Charles A. Beard, Mary R. Beard - The MacMillan Company , 1921 High school textbook in American history. Focused on the important aspects and movements of each period, treated are the causes and results of wars, rather than military strategy. Full of illustrations, maps, portraits, paintings and photographs. (5985 views)

US History - Wikibooks , 2006 The textbook covers everything that US history students study in high school or college. The contents: the history of colonial america, the early republic, antebellum america, the republic from 1877 to 1989, and from 1989 to the election 2008. (5327 views)

The Generalship of Ulysses S. Grant by J. F. C. Fuller - Dodd, Mead and Company , 1929 The reader leaves this book with a sense of knowing and understanding Grant, and believing that Grant's personality was the critical factor in the Union's 1864-1865 Virginia compaigns. This text is an essential Civil War reading. (9612 views)

In and out of the White House, from Washington to the Eisenhowers by Ona Griffin Jeffries - W. Funk , 1960 Since the beginning of our history as a nation, Americans have had a very special interest in both the informal and the official social life of our capital. This book is an intimate glimpse into the social and domestic aspects of the Presidential life. (3798 views)

Indians Before Columbus by P. S. Quimby, G. I. Collier, D. Martin - University of Chicago Press , 1955 A book written for students taking introductory anthropology courses and for the interested layman, not a reference book for anthropologists. The authors wrote an interesting story of the Indians by piecing together the bits of available information. (6949 views)

History of India by C. F. De La Fosse - Macmillan & Co. , 1917 The book deals with events which merit consideration in a general survey of the history of the country, and it remains, as far as it is possible to make it, a connected and consecutive account from the earliest times down to the present day. (18180 views)

India, Old and New by Sir Valentine Chirol - Macmillan and Co. , 1921 Early 20th Century India according to the British diplomat, journalist and historian: the clash of two civilisations, the enduring power of Hinduism, British rule under the east India company, the emergence of mr. Gandhi, Indian parliament, etc. (13498 views)

Modern India by William Eleroy Curtis - Fleming H. Revell Co. , 1905 A series of letters written during the winter of 1903-04: The Eye of India; The City of Bombay; Servants, Hotels, and Cave Temples; The Empire of India; Two Hindu Weddings; The Religions of India; How India Is Governed; The Railways of India; etc. (15389 views)

Man-Eaters of Kumaon by Jim Corbett - Oxford University Press , 1944 Jim Corbett killed a leopard at the age of nine and achieved a legendary reputation as a hunter. Here is the best of his books, which offers fascinating tales of pursuing tigers in the Indian Himalayas during the beginning of 20th century. (43375 views)

A History Of The Sikhs by Joseph Davey Cunningham - Oxford University Press , 1918 The author spent eight years of his service (from 1838 to 1846) in close contact with the Sikhs, and that too during a very important period of their history. This eight years gave him a great insight into the history of the Sikhs. (7841 views)

Kabir And The Kabir Panth by G.H Westcott - Hesperides Press , 2006 Of all the great Hindu reformers, Kabir have had the greatest influence among the uneducated classes of Northern and Central India. He was described as the Indian Luther. The number of those who are under the influence of Kabir is great. (10457 views)

Orissa under the Bhauma Kings by Pandit Binayak Misra - Vishwamitra Press , 1934 This monograph discusses the problems connected with the Bhauma family. For easy comprehension of the subject the book gives the texts and translations of almost all the published Bhauma records and a large number of inscriptions. (6372 views)

Historical Lectures and Essays by Charles Kingsley

The Annual Register

volume I: HTML at

volume II: HTML at

volume III: HTML at

Foundations of Psychohistory by Lloyd DeMause

On the Use and Abuse of History for Life by Friedrich Nietzsche, trans. by Ian C. Johnston

The Ruins: or, Meditation on the Revolutions of Empires; and The Law of Nature by Constantin-Francois Volney

On the Philosophy of History by Jacques Maritain, ed. by Joseph W. Evans

The Philosophy of History by Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, trans. by J. Sibree, contrib. by Charles Hegel

Historical Materialism and the Economics of Karl Marx by Benedetto Croce, trans. by C. M. Meredith

Gutenberg text; 770K

The Outline of History, Being a Plain History of Life and Mankind (based on the 3rd edition, 1921) by H. G. Wells

A Short History of the World (New York: Macmillan, 1922) by H. G. Wells

Fifty Famous Stories Retold by James Baldwin

The Valet's Tragedy, and Other Studies by Andrew Lang

Fifteen Decisive Battles of the World: From Marathon to Waterloo by Edward Shepherd Creasy

Gutenberg text; unofficial until 31 May 2003

MS Word and jpegs at

Antiquity Online: Civilizations, Philosophies, and Changing Religions by Frank E. Smitha

volume I: Gutenberg text

volume II: Gutenberg text

The History of Herodotus by Herodotus, trans. by George Rawlinson

An Account of Egypt by Herodotus, trans. by G. C. Macaulay

History/ by Helen C. Bower.

Manners, Customs, and Dress During the Middle Ages, and During the Renaissance Period by P. L. Jacob (framed PDF and DjVu files at

The Origin and Deeds of the Goths by Jordanes, trans. by Charles C. Mierow (HTML at Calgary)

A History of the Crusades (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1969-1989), ed. by Kenneth M. Setton

Lectures on Modern History by John Acton (PDF at McMaster)

History of London

Shaping History: Ordinary People in European Politics, 1500-1700 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998) by Wayne Te Brake

The Thirty Years' War, 1618-1648 (New York: C. Scribner's Sons, 1875) by Samuel Rawson Gardiner

History of the Thirty Years' War by Friedrich Schiller, trans. by A. J. W. Morrison

The Memoirs of Jacques Casanova de Seingalt by Jacques Casanova de Seingalt, trans. by Arthur Machen, contrib. by Arthur Symons

The Life and Adventures of Baron Trenck by Friedrich Trenck, trans. by Thomas Holcroft

volume 1: Gutenberg text

volume 2: Gutenberg text

Memoirs of a Southerner, 1840-1923 by Edward J. Thomas

Europe in Retrospect: A Brief History of the Past Two Hundred Years by Raymond F. Betts

The World War: A History of The Nations and Empires Involved and a Study of the Events Culminating in The Great Conflict by Logan Marshall

History of the 19th Century in Political Cartoons (based on a 1904 book, with edits) by Arthur Bartlett Maurice and Frederic Taber Cooper, ed. by Jim Zwick

Notes of a War Correspondent by Richard Harding Davis (Gutenberg text; unofficial until 31 Jan 2002)

The Days Before Yesterday by Frederick Spencer Hamilton

Black Hand Over Europe, Consisting of War is Coming Again (1935) by Henri Pozzi, trans. by Francis J. Mott

Ambassador Morgenthau's Story (Doubleday, Page, 1918) by Henry Morgenthau

War and the Future: Italy, France and Britain at War by H. G. Wells

The Cross at the Front: Fragments from the Trenches (Revell, 1917) by Thomas Tiplady

Never Again: A Protest and a Warning Addressed to the Peoples of Europe by Edward Carpenter

Defenders of Democracy: Contributions from Representative Men and Women of Letters and Other Arts From Our Allies and Our Own Country (1918), ed. by Militia of Mercy

Ode on the Sailing of Our Troops for France by John Jay Chapman

A Treasury of War Poetry: British and American Poems of the World War, 1914-1917, ed. by George Herbert Clarke

Dere Mable: Love Letters of a Rookie (Stokes, 1918) by Edward Streeter, illust. by G. William Breck

Now It Can Be Told by Philip Gibbs

Surgeon Grow: An American in the Russian Fighting (New York: Stokes, 1918) by Malcolm Cummings Grow

Seven Pillars of Wisdom by T. E. Lawrence

The War With Germany: A Statistical Summary (second edition, 1919) by Leonard P. Ayres

Learning Lessons in the American Expeditionary Forces by Kenneth Earl Hamburger

Naval Aviation in World War I by Adrian O. Van Wyen

A Doctor's Diary in Damaraland (London: E. Arnold, 1917) by Henry Francis Bell Walker

Germany's High Sea Fleet in the World War (1920) by Reinhardt Scheer

The Red Fighter Pilot (originally published as "The Red Battle Flyer") by Manfred von Richthofen, trans. by J. Ellis Barker

Fighting the Flying Circus (1919) by Eddie Rickenbacker

Peace and Bread in Time of War by Jane Addams

The Neutrality of Belgium (Funk and Wagnalls, 1915) by Alexander Fuehr

In the Heart of German Intrigue (Houghton Mifflin, 1918) by Demetra Vaka

The Vanguard of American Volunteers in the Fighting Lines and in Humanitarian Service, August, 1914 - April, 1917 (Scribner's, 1919) by Edwin W. Morse

Report of the Committee on Alleged German Outrages (aka the Bryce Report; 1915) by Great Britain Committee on Alleged German Outrages

Helping France: The Red Cross in the Devastated Area (Dutton, 1919) by Ruth Gaines

"Mademoiselle Miss": Letters from an American Girl Serving with the Rank of Lieutenant in a French Army Hospital at the Front by Mademoiselle Miss

"My Beloved Poilus" by Agnes Warner

Scott's Official History of the American Negro in the World War by Emmett J. Scott

Private Dowding: The Personal Story of a Soldier Killed in Battle (1966 edition) by Wellesley Tudor Pole

The Junius Pamphlet by Rosa Luxemburg

Mobilizing Woman-Power by Harriot Stanton Blatch

American Women and the World War (Appleton, 1918) by Ida Clyde Clarke

Soldier and Dramatist: Being the Letters of Harold Chapin, American citizen, Who Died for England at Loos on September 26th, 1915 by Harold Chapin (illustrated HTML at Kansas)

Ambulancing on the French Front by Edward Royal Coyle

A Village in Picardy (Dutton, 1918) by Ruth Gaines

At Suvla Bay: Being the Notes and Sketches of Scenes, Characters and Adventures of the Dardanelles Campaign by John Hargrave

Mons, Anzac and Kut by Aubrey Herbert

The Great Push: An Episode of the Great War by Patrick MacGill

Letters and Diary of Alan Seeger (Scribner's, May 1917) by Alan Seeger

England's Effort: Letters to an American Friend by Mrs. Humphry Ward - HTML at Indiana

Fighting France by Edith Wharton

The Truth About the Treaty (Bobbs-Merrill, 1921) by Andr Tardieu, contrib. by Georges Clemenceau

Suitors and Suppliants: The Little Nations at Versailles by Stephen Bonsal

The French Yellow Book: Diplomatic Documents (1938-1939) by France Ministere des Affaires Etrangeres

The British War Blue Book by Great Britain Foreign Office

Command Decisions by United States Army

United States Naval Chronology, World War II (with additional material) by United States Navy

Nazi-Soviet Relations, 1939-1941: Documents from the Archives of the German Foreign Office by German Foreign Office, ed. by Raymond James Sontag and James Stuart Beddie

The Ardennes: Battle of the Bulge by Hugh M. Cole

Cross-Channel Attack by Gordon A. Harrison

Utah Beach to Cherbourg (6 June - 27 June, 1944)

Hitler's War by David Irving

Omaha Beachhead (6 June - 13 June, 1944) by United States War Department

St-Lo (7 July - 19 July, 1944) by United States War Department

A Biography of Maurice F. O'Connell: The Story of an American Hero by Perry T. Ryan

Outpost in the North Atlantic: Marines in the Defense of Iceland by James A. Donovan

Operations of Encircled Forces: German Experiences in Russia by United States Army

Rear Area Secutriy in Russia: The Soviet Second Front Behind the German Lines by United States Army

The German Campaigns in the Balkans (Spring 1941) by George E. Blau

The Atomic Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki by Manhattan Engineer District

Philippine Islands by Jennifer L. Bailey

The Fall of the Philippines by Louis Morton

Report of Army Pearl Harbor Board by United States Army

Infamous Day: Marines at Pearl Harbor, 7 December 1941 by Robert J. Cressman and J. Michael Wenger

First Offensive: The Marine Campaign for Guadalcanal by Henry I. Shaw

A Magnificent Fight: Marines in the Battle for Wake Island by Robert J. Cressman

The Defense of Wake by R. D. Heinl

Mobilization: The U.S. Army in World War II-- The 50th Anniversary by Frank N. Schubert

Opening Moves: Marines Gear Up for War by Henry I. Shaw

Confinement and Ethnicity: An Overview of World War II Japanese American Relocation Sites by Jeffery F. Burton, Mary M. Farrell, Florence B. Lord, and Richard W. Lord, contrib. by Eleanor Roosevelt

The Aleutians Campaign, June 1942 - August 1943 by United States Navy

Aleutian Islands by George L. MacGarrigle

Cruise Books of the United States Navy in World War II: A Bibliography by Dean L. Mawdsley

Marines at Midway by R. D. Heinl

Summary Report (Pacific War) by United States Strategic Bombing Survey

Summary Report (European War) by United States Strategic Bombing Survey

U. S. Naval Aviation in the Pacific by United States Navy

Tanks for the Memories: An Oral History of the 712th Tank Battalion in World War II by Aaron C. Elson (HTML at

U.S. Army Special Operations in World War II by David W. Hogan

German Antiguerrilla Operations in the Balkans, 1941-1944 by Robert M. Kennedy

Trial of the Major War Criminals Before the International Military Tribunal, Nuremberg, 14 November 1945 - 1 October 1946 (22 volumes of proceedings; indexes and evidence exhibits omitted) by International Military Tribunal

The Dentist of Auschwitz: A Memoir by Benjamin Jacobs

The Leuchter Report: The End of a Myth (1988) by Fred A. Leuchter - HTML with commentary at - HTML and critical commentary at and Nizkor

Assassins of Memory: Essays on the Denial of the Holocaust by Pierre Vidal-Naquet, trans. by Jeffrey Mehlman

Partners in Hate: Noam Chomsky and the Holocaust Deniers (1995 edition) by Werner Cohn

Did Six Million Really Die? by Richard E. Harwood (HTML with commentary at

When Heaven's Vault Cracked: Zagreb Memories by Zdenka Novak

The Simon Wiesenthal Center Annual by Simon Wiesenthal Center

The Final Months of the War With Japan: Signals Intelligence, U.S. Invasion Planning, and the A-Bomb Decision by Douglas J. MacEachin

Native Soldiers, Foreign Battlefields: The Wartime Contributions of Canada's First Peoples by Veterans Affairs Canada

Genocide: Critical Issues of the Holocaust, ed. by Alex Grobman, Daniel Landes, and Sybil Milton

The Taste of War: Soldiering in World War II by Alfred De Grazia

The Prosperous Few and the Restless Many by Noam Chomsky and David Barsamian

Secrets, Lies and Democracy by Noam Chomsky and David Barsamian

Travels Through France and Italy by Tobias Smollett

A Thousand Miles in the Rob Roy Canoe on Rivers and Lakes of Europe by John MacGregor - At Gutenberg

Saunterings by Charles Dudley Warner

The Falcon on the Baltic by E. F. Knight

Library of Congress European Collections: An Illustrated Guide by Library of Congress

Transatlantic Tensions: The United States, Europe, and Problem Countries, ed. by Richard Haass

Dictionary of National Biography: Index and Epitome (London: Smith, Elder and Co., 1903), ed. by Sidney Lee

A Child's History of England by Charles Dickens

The Struggle Against Absolute Monarchy, 1603-1688 (Toronto: A. Miller, 1877) by Bertha Meriton Cordery Gardiner

The Autobiography of Sir Harry Smith: 1787-1819 by Harry Smith, ed. by G. C. Moore Smith

A Sketch of the Life of Capt. Hedley Vicars, the Christian Soldier (1863) by Catherine Marsh

The Life of Horatio, Lord Nelson by Robert Southey

Chambers's Book of Days (Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott and Co, 1879) by Robert Chambers

The Collection of the History of England by Samuel Daniel

The History of Britain by John Milton

History of the Britons by Nennius, trans. by John Allen Giles

History of the Kings of Britain by Geoffrey of Monmouth, trans. by Aaron Thompson and J. A. Giles

Roman Roads in Britain by Thomas Codrington

The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, trans. by James Ingram

The Life of King Alfred by John Asser, trans. by J. A. Giles

History by Williams of Newburgh, trans. by Joseph Stevenson

The History of the Most Unfortunate Prince, King Edward II  by Elizabeth Cary

The History of King Richard the Third by Thomas More (HTML at Renascence Editions)

England Under the Tudors (fourth edition, 1913) by Arthur D. Innes

Henry the Seventh by James Gairdner

The Story of Thomas More by John Farrow

 The Life of Sir Thomas More by William Roper - HTML at Fordham - HTML at Bartleby

A Treatise of the Canker of Englands Common Wealth by Gerard de Malynes

A Healing Question by Henry Vane

Letters from Dorothy Osborne to Sir William Temple (1652-54) by Dorothy Osborne, ed. by Edward Abbott Parry

England Under the Restoration (1660-1688) (1923) by Thora G. Stone

England's Great Happiness: or, A Dialogue Between Content and Complaint

Royalty Restored: or, London Under Charles II by J. Fitzgerald Molloy)

The Diary of Samuel Pepys (abridged edition; London and New York: Frederick Warne and Co., 1879) by Samuel Pepys, ed. by Richard Braybrooke

The Diary of Samuel Pepys (1890s slightly expurgated edition) by Samuel Pepys, ed. by Henry B. Wheatley

The Concise Pepys (from the 1825 edition) by Samuel Pepys, ed. by Richard Braybrooke

A History of the Early Part of the Reign of James the Second by Charles James Fox

The History of England from the Accession of James II by Thomas Macaulay

volume I: Gutenberg text

volume II: Gutenberg text

volume III: Gutenberg text

volume IV: Gutenberg text

volume V: Gutenberg text

The History of John Bull by John Arbuthnot

Selected Prose and Poetry of Lady Mary Wortley Montagu by Mary Wortley Montagu, ed. by Richard Bear


Thoughts on the Present Discontents, and Speeches (Cassell, 1886) by Edmund Burke

A Letter to a Noble Lord by Edmund Burke

The Political House that Jack Built by William Hone, ed. by Kyle Grimes, illust. by George Cruikshank

Little Memoirs of the Nineteenth Century by George Paston

Reminiscences of Captain Gronow, Formerly of the Grenadier Guards, and M.P. for Stafford: Being Anecdotes of the Camp, the Court, and the Clubs, at the Close of the Last War with France by Rees Howell Gronow

Leaves From the Journal of Our Life in the Highlands, From 1848 to 1861: to Which Are Prefixed and Added Extracts From the Same Journal Giving an Account of Earlier Visits to Scotland, and Tours in England and Ireland, and Yachting Excursions (New York; Toronto: Harper; W.C. Chewett, 1868) by Queen Victoria, ed. by Arthur Helps

Queen Victoria by Lytton Strachey

Queen Victoria, Her Girlhood and Womanhood (Montreal : Dawson Bros., 1883) by Grace Greenwood

The Passing of the Great Queen: A Tribute to the Noble Life of Victoria Regina by Marie Corelli

Eminent Victorians by Lytton Strachey

HTML at Bartleby

Gutenberg text

William Ewart Gladstone by James Bryce

Tour Through the Eastern Counties of England by Daniel Defoe

Letters From England, 1846-1849 by Elizabeth Davis Bancroft

London. Edited by Charles Knight (Volume 1-2) - Knight, Charles, 1791-1873

Old and New London: A Narrative of its History, its People and its Places. Illustrated with Numerous Engravings from the Most Authentic Sources Volume 1-6

London: A Pilgrimage (New York: Harper and Brothers, 1890) by Gustave Dor and Blanchard Jerrold

The Story of Rushen Castle and Rushen Abbey, in the Isle of Man by Joseph George Cumming

A Short History of Gateshead by Ian Clark Carlton and F. W. D. Manders

A Short History of Wales by Owen Morgan Edwards

The Normans in South Wales, 1070-1171 by Lynn H. Nelson

Wild Wales: Its People, Language and Scenery by George Henry Borrow

The Itinerary of Archbishop Baldwin Through Wales by Giraldus Cambrensis

History of the Scottish Nation by James Aitken Wylie

A Journey to the Western Islands of Scotland (based on the 1775 edition with corrections from the 1785 errata) by Samuel Johnson

In Wicklow and West Kerry by John M. Synge (HTML at Belinus Press)

A View of the Present State of Ireland by Edmund Spenser

Annals of the Famine in Ireland (New York: E. French, 1851) by Asenath Nicholson

The Path to Freedom by Michael Collins

The Aran Islands by John M. Synge, illust. by Jack B. Yeats

Central Europe

The New Central Europe by Stephen Borsody

Austria, Hungary, Czech Republic, Slovakia

Austria: A Country Study, ed. by Eric Solsten

page images at MOA


Ruthenia: Spearhead Toward the West by Charles J. Hokky, trans. by Alexander Gallus

Untrodden Peaks and Unfrequented Valleys by Amelia Edwards

Hungary: A Country Study, ed. by Stephen R. Burant

Hungary: A Brief History (first edition, 1989), by István Lázár, trans. by Albert Tezla (HTML at Corvinus Library)

Hungary: A Short History, by C. A. Macartney (HTML at Corvinus Library)

Wartime American Plans for a New Hungary: Documents from the U.S., Department of State, 1942-1944 by United States Department of State, ed. by Ignac Romsics

The Austro-Hungarian question. Correspondence between Mr. Hülsemann, Austrian Chargé d'Affaires, and Mr. Webster, Secretary of State of the United States. (Washington, Printed by Gideon and Co., 1851)

The Hungarian Revolt, October 23 - November 4, 1956, ed. by Richard Lettis and William I. Morris (HTML at Corvinus Library) Hungarian Sketches in Peace and War (Edinburgh: T. Constable and Co., et al., 1854), by Mór Jókai, contrib. by Emeric Szabad Gutenberg text - multiple formats at HathiTrust

The Hungarians: A Divided Nation, ed. by Stephen Borsody (HTML at Corvinus Library)

Hungary: A Brief History (first edition, 1989), by István Lázár, trans. by Albert Tezla (HTML at Corvinus Library)

Hungary: A Country Study, ed. by Stephen R. Burant (HTML at LOC)

Hungary: A Short History, by C. A. Macartney (HTML at Corvinus Library)

Hungary and Hitler, by Gabor Baross (HTML at Corvinus Library)

Hungary Between Wilson and Lenin: The Hungarian Revolution of 1918-1919 and the Big Three, by Peter Pastor (HTML at Corvinus Library)

Hungary, From 1848 to 1860 (London: R. Bentley, 1860), by Bertalan Szemere (page images at Google)

Hungary: The Unwilling Satellite, by John Flournoy Montgomery (HTML at Corvinus Library)

Hungary: Three Years Struggle Against Feudal Reaction and Against Election Reform (1910), by Magyarországi Szociáldemokrata Párt (multiple formats at


Czechoslovakia: A Country Study, ed. by Ihor Gawdiak (HTML at LOC)

La République Tchécoslovaque. : Aperçu de la vie intellectuelle, politique, économique et sociale / rédigé sous la direction de O. Butter et B. Ruml. (Prague : Édition de la Societe "L'Effort de la Tchecoslovaquie,", 1920), by Oskar Butter (page images at HathiTrust; US access only)

La République Tchécoslovaque. : Apereu de la vie intellectuelle, politique, économique et sociale / rédigé sous la direction de O. Butter et B. Ruml. (Prague : "Orbis", société anonyme d'impression, d'édition et de publicité, 1921), by Oskar Butter (page images at HathiTrust; US access only)

Progressive Czech (Bohemian) (Chicago, Czechoslovak national council of America, [c1936]), by Bohumil E. Mikula (page images at HathiTrust)

Czechoslovakia. (New York. F. A. Praeger, [1954]), by Harriet Grace Wanklyn (page images at HathiTrust)

Czechoslovakia, a country study / Federal Research Division, Library of Congress. (Washington, D.C. : The Division : for sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. G.P.O., c1989) (page images at HathiTrust)

La Tchécoslovaquie et les Tchécoslovaques ; préface de m. Jules Chopin; avec une carte. (Paris, Éditions Bossard, 1919), by V. L. Dedeck-Héry (page images at HathiTrust; US access only)

Marie Riegrova, rodem Palacka : jeju zivot a skutky / napsala Marie Cervinkova-Riegrova. (V Praze : Nakl. Obce prazske, [pref. 1892]), by Marie Červinková-Riegrová (page images at HathiTrust; US access only)

T.G. Masaryk, president Československé republiky / napsal Pavel Váša (V Brně : Barvič & Novotný, 1918), by Pavel Váša (page images at HathiTrust; US access only)

T.G. Masaryk, president Československé republiky / napsal Pavel Váša (V Brně : Barvič & Novotný, 1919), by Pavel Váša (page images at HathiTrust; US access only)

France, Andorra, Monaco

Travels in France and Italy During the Years 1787, 1788 and 1789 by Arthur Young

A Little Tour in France by Henry James

Three Lectures Delivered at the Royal Institution, on the Ancien Regime As It Existed on the Continent Before the French Revolution by Charles Kingsley

The Ancient Regime by Hippolyte A. Taine, trans. by John Durand

Memoirs of Marguerite de Valois, Queen of Navarre, Written by Herself by by Marguerite de Valois

The Martial Adventures of Henry and Me by William Allen White

History of the Franks (1916 abridged translation) by Gregory of Tours, trans. by Ernest Brehaut

The Life of Charlemagne by Einhard, trans. by Samuel Epes Turner

The Autobiography of Guibert, Abbot of Nogentsous-Coucy by Guibert of Nogent, trans. by C. C. Swinton Bland

Jeanne d'Arc: Her Life and Death by Margaret Oliphant

Gutenberg ASCII text

Gutenberg 8-bit text

Memoirs of Madame la Marquise de Montespan, Written by Herself by Marquise de Montespan (Gutenberg text; unofficial until 31 Mar 2003)

Memoirs of the Court of Louis XIV, and of the Regency, Being the Secret Memoirs of the Mother of the Regent by Charlotte-Elisabeth d' Orleans

Memoirs of Jean Francois Paul de Gondi, Cardinal de Retz by Jean Francois Paul de Gondi de Retz

Memoirs of Louis XIV and His Court and of the Regency by Louis de Rouvroy duc de Saint-Simon, trans. by Bayle St. John

Memoirs of the Comtesse Du Barry by Etienne Leon Lamothe-Langon

Memoirs of the Court of Marie Antoinette, Queen of France by by Madame Campan

Secret Memoirs of Princess Lamballe: Being Her Journals, Letters, and Conversations During Her Confidential Relations with Marie Antoinette (New York and London: M. Walter Dunne, c1901) by Princess of Lamballe, ed. by Catherine Hyde

The Ruin of a Princess by Marie Therese Charlotte d' Angouleme, M. Clery, and Princess Elizabeth of France, trans. by Katharine Prescott Wormeley

The State of Society in France Before the Revolution of 1789, and the Causes Which Led to That Event (third edition, 1888) by Alexis de Tocqueville, trans. by Henry Reeve

Lectures on the French Revolution by by John Acton, ed. by John Neville Figgis and Reginald Vere Laurence (PDF at McMaster)

Reflections on the Revolution in France by Edmund Burke - HTML at Bartleby

The Imperial Guard of Napoleon: From Marengo to Waterloo by Joel Tyler Headley

Juniper Hall: A Rendevous of Certain Illustrious Personages during the French Revolution, Including Alexandre D'Arblay and Fanny Burney by Constance Hill

The French Revolution: A History by Thomas Carlyle

The Memoirs of Baron de Marbot by Baron de Marbot, trans. by Arthur John Butler

Memoirs of the Court of St. Cloud, Being Secret Letters from a Gentleman at Paris to a Nobleman in London by Stewarton

Memoirs of Napoleon Bonaparte by Louis Antoine Fauvelet de Bourrienne, ed. by Ramsay Weston Phipps

Recollections of the Private Life of Napoleon by Constant, trans. by Walter Clark

Memoirs of Constant by Constant, trans. by Elizabeth Gilbert Martin

The Murder of Napoleon by Ben Weider and David Hapgood

The Second Funeral of Napoleon by William Makepeace Thackeray

Maxims of Napoleon by Napoleon I (Bonaparte), trans. by J. A. Manning

The French Revolution by Hippolyte A. Taine, trans. by John Durand

volume 1: Gutenberg text

volume 2: Gutenberg text

volume 3: Gutenberg text

The Origins of Contemporary France by Hippolyte A. Taine, trans. by John Durand

volume 1: Gutenberg text

volume 2: Gutenberg text

volume 3: Gutenberg text

volume 4: Gutenberg text

volume 5: Gutenberg text

volume 6: Gutenberg text

The Modern Regime by Hippolyte A. Taine, trans. by John Durand

volume 1: Gutenberg text

voluvolume 2: Gutenberg text

The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Napoleon by by Karl Marx, trans. by Daniel De Leon

The Development of Southern French and Catalan Society, 718-1050 by Archibald Ross Lewis

A Childhood in Brittany Eighty Years Ago (New York: The Century Co., 1919) by Anne Douglas Sedgwick, illust. by Paul de Leslie

Down and Out in Paris and London by by George Orwell (text in Australia; NO US ACCESS)

Crescendo of the Virtuoso: Spectacle, Skill, and Self-Promotion in Paris during the Age of Revolution (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998) by Paul Metzner.


Apocalypse 1945: The Destruction of Dresden (1995) by David Irving (PDF at

A Psychological Analysis of Adolph Hitler: His Life and Legend by Walter C. Langer (HTML at Nizkor)

David Irving's Hitler: A Faulty History Dissected by Eberhard Jäckel, trans. by H. David Kirk (HTML with commentary at Nizkor)

East Germany: A Country Study, ed. by Stephen R. Burant (HTML at LOC)

Goebbels: Mastermind of the Third Reich by David Irving (PDF with commentary at

The Men Behind Hitler: A German Warning to the World by Bernhard Schreiber, trans. by H. R. Martindale (HTML at

Goebbels: Mastermind of the Third Reichy David Irving (PDF with commentary at

David Irving's Hitler: A Faulty History Dissected by Eberhard J ckel, trans. by H. David Kirk (HTML with commentary at Nizkor)

A Psychological Analysis of Adolph Hitler: His Life and Legend by Walter C. Langer (HTML at Nizkor)

The Pink Swastika: Homosexuality in the Nazi Party by Scott Lively and Kevin Abrams


HTML at Earthlink

The Men Behind Hitler: A German Warning to the World by Bernhard Schreiber, trans. by H. R. Martindale (HTML at

East Germany: A Country Study, ed. by Stephen R. Burant (HTML at LOC)

History of Friedrich II of Prussia, Called Frederick the Great by Thomas Carlyle (Gutenberg texts)

On the Front Lines of the Cold War: Documents on the Intelligence War in Berlin, 1946 to 1961, ed. by Donald P. Steury (HTML and PDF at

Apocalypse 1945: The Destruction of Dresden (1995) by David Irving (PDF at

DE Mediterreanean Region, Greco-Roman World

Plutarch's Lives by Plutarch, ed. by Arthur Hugh Clough, trans. by John Dryden

Plutarch's Lives by Plutarch, trans. by Bernadotte Perrin

The Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1976), ed. by Richard Stillwell, William L. MacDonald, and Marian Holland McAllister

DF Greece

Description of Greece by Pausanias

Hellenistic History and Culture (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993), ed. by Peter Green

Overview of Archaic and Classical Greek History by Thomas Martin

Greek Studies: A Series of Essays by Walter Pater


Gutenberg text; unofficial until 31 May 2003

A Smaller History of Greece: From the Earliest Times to the Roman Conquest by William Smith

History of the Peloponnesian War by Thucydides, trans. by Richard Crawley

Thucydides Mythistoricus by Francis M. Cornford

Thucydides and the Ancient Simplicity: The Limits of Political Realism (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998) by Gregory Crane

The Sanctuary of Artemis Orthia at Sparta, Excavated and Described by Members of the British School at Athens, 1906-1910, ed. by Richard McGillivray Dawkins (page images at Chicago)

The Secret History by Procopius of Caesarea, trans. by Richard Atwater

The Chronographia by Michael Psellus, trans. by Edgar Robert Ashton Sewster (HTML at Fordham)


A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome by Samuel Ball Platner

A Description of the Trajan Column by John Hungerford Pollen

Spectacle and Society in Livy's History (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998) by Andrew Feldherr

The Histories by Cornelius Tacitus, trans. by Alfred John Church and William Jackson Brodribb

HTML at Internet Classics


The Annals by Cornelius Tacitus, trans. by Alfred John Church and William Jackson Brodribb

HTML at Internet Classics


Ancient Rome, from the Earliest Times Down to 476 A. D. by Robert Franklin Pennell

A General History of Rome From the Foundation of the City to the Fall of Augustulus, B.C. 753 - A. D. 476 (New York: Harper and Brothers, 1876) by Charles Merivale

The History of Rome (New York: D. Appleton and Co., 1868) by Thomas Arnold

Early Rome, From the Foundation of the City to Its Destruction by the Gauls by Wilhelm Ihne

History of Julius Caesar (New York: Harper and Brothers, 1865-6) by Napoleon III

volume I: page images at MOA

volume II: page images at MOA

Imperial Purple by Edgar Saltus

The History of the Progress and Termination of the Roman Republic (New York: J. C. Derby, 1856) by Adam Ferguson

Roman History: The Early Empire, from the Assassination of Julius Caesar to That of Domitian (New York: Scribner, Armstrong and Co., ca.1876) by by William Wolfe Capes

The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire by Edward Gibbon, ed. by Henry Hart Milman

Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, Vol. 1
Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, Vol. 2
Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, Vol. 3
Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, Vol. 4
Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, Vol. 5
Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, Vol. 6

The Life of the Blessed Emperor Constantine by Eusebius of Caesarea

Pictures from Italy by Charles Dickens

The Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy by Jacob Burckhardt, trans. by S. G. C. Middlemore

HTML at Boise State

Gutenberg text

Alps and Sanctuaries of Piedmont and the Canton Ticino by Samuel Butler

History of Florence, and of the Affairs of Italy, From the Earliest Times to the Death of Lorenzo the Magnificent by Niccolo Machiavelli, contrib. by Hugo Albert Rennert

Pagan and Christian Rome by Rodolfo Amedeo Lanciani (

By the Ionian Sea: Notes of a Ramble in Southern Italy by George Gissing

Belgium, Luxembourg, Netherlands

Belgium by Joseph E. Morris

Russia, Former Soviet Republics, Poland

Soviet Union: A Country Study, ed. by Raymond E. Zickel

The Present State of Russia (London: W. Taylor, 1722-1723) by Friedrich Christian Weber

volume I: page images at LOC

volume II: page images at LOC

Russia (1905 edition) by Donald Mackenzie Wallace

The Discovery of Muscovy Etc., contrib. by Richard Hakluyt

Modern Customs and Ancient Laws of Russia by Maksim Kovalevsky

Revolutionary Silhouettes by Anatoly Vasilievich Lunacharsky, trans. by Michael Glenny

The Life and Tragedy of Alexandra Feodorovna, Empress of Russia by Sophie Buxhoeveden

The Real Tsaritsa by Lili Smolskaia Dehn

Marxism and Revisionism by Vladimir Ilich Lenin

My Life by Leon Trotsky

Trotsky's Notebooks, 1933-1935: Writings on Lenin, Dialectics, and Evolutionism by Leon Trotsky, trans. by Philip Pomper, contrib. by Yuri Felshtinsky

Memories of the Russian Court by Anna Aleksandrovna Vyrubova

Thirteen Years at the Russian Court: A Personal Record of the Last Years and Death of the Czar Nicholas II, and His Family by Pierre Gilliard, trans. by Frederic Appleby Holt

Six Red Months in Russia: An Observer's Account of Russia Before and During the Proletarian Dictatorship by Louise Bryant

Left Behind: Fourteen Months in Siberia During the Revolution, December 1917-February 1919 by Sophie Buxhoeveden

My Disillusionment in Russia by Emma Goldman

My Further Disillusionment in Russia by Emma Goldman

Conditions in Russia: Speech of Hon. William H. King, a Senator from the State of Utah, Delivered in the Senate, January 22 and April 24, 1924 by William Henry King

The Crisis in Russia by Arthur Ransome

Russia in 1919 by Arthur Ransome

Ten Days That Shook the World by John Reed (Gutenberg text; unofficial until 28 Feb 2002)

Ten Days That Shook the World (New York: Boni & Liveright, 1922) by John Reed

Lessons of October by Leon Trotsky, trans. by John G. Wright

The New Course by Leon Trotsky

Venona: Soviet Espionage and the American Response, 1939-1957, ed. by Robert Louis Benson and Michael Warner

Another View of Stalin by Ludo Martens

The Revolution Betrayed: What is the Soviet Union and Where is it Going? by Leon Trotsky, trans. by Max Eastman

At Cold War's End: US Intelligence on the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, 1989-1991, ed. by Benjamin B. Fischer

Assessing the Soviet Threat: The Early Cold War Years, ed. by Woodrow J. Kuhns

The Lithuanians: An Ethnic Portrait by Juozas Kudirka

Belarus and Moldova: Country Studies, ed. by Helen Fedor

Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia: Country Studies, ed. by Glenn E. Curtis

Armenia section: HTML at LOC

Azerbaijan section: HTML at LOC

Georgia section: HTML at LOC

Contested Borders in the Caucasus, ed. by Bruno Coppieters

Tsarskoe Selo by Sergei Nikolaevich Viltchkovsky, ed. by Bob Atchison 

The Georgian Chronicle, trans. by Robert Bedrosian

Account of a Voyage of Discovery to the North-East of Siberia the Frozen Ocean and the North-East Sea by Gavriil Andreevich Sarychev

A Voyage Down the Amoor: With a Land Journey through Siberia, and Incidental notices of Manchooria, Kamschatka, and Japan (New York, D. Appleton and Company, 1860) by Perry McDonough Collins

Tent life in Siberia: A New Account of an Old Undertaking: Adventures Among the Koraks and Other Tribes in Kamchatka and Northern Asia (New York; London: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1910) by George Kennan

Alpamysh: Central Asian Identity Under Russian Rule by Hasan B. Paksoy

HTML at Kansas

text files with commentary at Euronet

Poland: A Country Study, ed. by Glenn E. Curtis

Northern Europe, Scandinavia

Letters Written During a Short Residence in Sweden, Norway, and Denmark by Mary Wollstonecraft 

The Nine Books of the Danish History of Saxo Grammaticus by Saxo Grammaticus, trans. by Oliver Elton


Gutenberg text

Letters from High Latitudes, Being Some Account of a Voyage in 1856 of the Schooner Yacht "Foam" to Iceland, Jan Meyen, and Spitzbergen by Lord Dufferin

Visit to Iceland and the Scandinavian North by Ida Pfeiffer 

Early Kings of Norway by Thomas Carlyle 

Finland: A Country Study, ed. by Eric Solsten and Sandra W. Meditz 

DP Spain, Portugal

Spain: A Country Study, ed. by Eric Solsten and Sandra W. Meditz

Library of Congress Hispanic and Portuguese Collections: An Illustrated Guide by Library of Congress

The Bible in Spain by George Henry Borrow 

The Mendoza Family in the Spanish Renaissance, 1350-1550 (New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1979) by Helen Nader 

The Chronicle of Alfonso the Emperor, ed. by Glenn Edward Lipsley

Islamic and Christian Spain in the Early Middle Ages by Thomas F. Glick

The Royal Treasure: Muslim Communities Under the Crown of Aragon in the Fourteenth Century (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1977) by John Boswell 

Chronicle of the Conquest of Granada (author's revised edition) by Washington Irving 

A History of Aragon and Catalonia (London: Methuen, 1933) by Henry John Chaytor 

The Chronicle of James I, King of Aragon by King (of Aragon) James I, ed. by Pascual de Gayangos, trans. by John Forster 

The Kingdom of Le n-Castilla Under King Alfonso VI, 1065-1109 by Bernard F. Reilly 

The Kingdom of Le n-Castilla Under Queen Urraca, 1109-1126 by Bernard F. Reilly 

To Remember Spain: The Anarchist and Syndicalist Revolution of 1936 by Murray Bookchin 

The Crusader Kingdom of Valencia: Reconstruction on a Thirteenth-Century Frontier ((based on) Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1967) by Robert Ignatius Burns 

Christian Cordoba: The City and its Region in the Late Middle Ages by John Edwards 

Portugal: A Country Study, ed. by Eric Solsten 

The Individuality of Portugal: A Study in Historical-Political Geography by Dan Stanislawski 

DR Balkan Region

Toward a New Central Europe: A Symposium on the Problems of the Danubian Nations, ed. by Francis S. Wagner 

Bulgaria: A Country Study, ed. by Glenn E. Curtis 

A Residence in Bulgaria, or Notes on the Resources and Administration of Turkey by Stanislas Graham Bower St. Clair and Charles A. Brophy 

Romania: A Country Study, ed. , ed. by Ronald D. Bachman 

Regicide at Marseille Tibor Eckhardt

Turkey: A Country Study, ed. by Paul M. Pitman 

High Albania by Mary Edith Durham

Albania: A Country Study, ed. by Raymond E. Zickel and Walter R. Iwaskiw 

Yugoslavia: A Country Study, ed. by Glenn E. Curtis 

Bosnia-Herzgovina: How Can They Sleep at Night? Arrest Now! by Amnesty International 

"Who's Living In My House?" Obstacles To The Safe Return Of Refugees And Displaced People by Amnesty International 

Bosnia-Herzgovina, All the Way Home: Safe "Minority Returns" as a Just Remedy and for a Secure Future by Amnesty International

The Shattering of the Soul, ed. by Janja Bec, illust. by Emir Dragulj 

Federal Republic of Yugoslavia: A Week of Terror in Drenica: Humanitarian Law Violations in Kosovo by Human Rights Watch 

Political Killings in Kosova/Kosovo, March-June 1999: A Cooperative Report by American Bar Association and American Association for the Advancement of Science

Roma (Gypsies)

Romano Lavo-lil: Word Book of the Romany; or, English Gypsy Language by George Henry Borrow (Gutenberg text)

The Zincali: An Account of the Gipsies of Spain by George Henry Borrow (Gutenberg text)


Romano Lavo-lil: Word Book of the Romany; or, English Gypsy Language by George Henry Borrow 

The Zincali: An Account of the Gipsies of Spain by George Henry Borrow


A Record of Buddhistic Kingdoms by Fa-Hsien, trans. by James Legge 

Travels from St. Petersburg, in Russia, to Diverse Parts of Asia (1763) by John Bell


volume 1: page images at LOC

volume 2: page images at LOC

Notes of a Journey from Cornhill to Grand Cairo by William Makepeace Thackeray 

Eothen by Alexander William Kinglake

Cyprus: A Country Study, ed. by Eric Solsten 

Cyprus as I Saw It in 1879 by Samuel White Baker 

War, Institutions, and Social Change in the Middle East (Berkeley : University of California Press, 2000), ed. by Steven Heydemann 

Arabs and Young Turks: Ottomanism, Arabism, and Islamism in the Ottoman Empire, 1908-1918 by Hasan Kayali 

Bismya: or, The Lost City of Adab by Edgar James Banks 

A Popular Account of Discoveries at Nineveh by Austen Henry Layard 

Iraq: A Country Study, ed. by Helen Chapin Metz 

Gulf War Debriefing Book (prepublication version) by Andrew Leyden 

The Whirlwind War: The United States Army in Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm, ed. by Frank N. Schubert and Theresa L. Kraus 

Evaluation of the U.S. Department of Defense Persian Gulf Comprehensive Clinical Evaluation Program by Institute of Medicine 

Health Consequences of Service During the Persian Gulf War: Recommendations for Research and Information Systems by Institute of Medicine 

Lebanon: A Country Study, ed. by Thomas Collelo 

History of Phoenicia by George Rawlinson 

The Culture of Sectarianism: Community, History, and Violence in Nineteenth-Century Ottoman Lebanon (Berkeley : University of California Press, 2000) by Ussama Makdisi 

Memory for Forgetfulness: August, Beirut, 1982 by Mahmoud Darwish, trans. by Ibrahim Muhawi 

Survival is Not Enough by Yehoshua Zamir, trans. by Ron Schkolnick 

Giving Goliath His Due: New Archaeological Light on the Philistines by Neal Bierling

Syria: A Country Study, ed. by Thomas Collelo 

The Wilderness of Zin by C. Leonard Woolley and T. E. Lawrence 

Palestine Exploration Fund, 1911 by Gustav Dalman and Duncan McKenzie

Sketches of Jewish Social Life in the Days of Christ by Alfred Edersheim

The Works of Flavius Josephus by Flavius Josephus, trans. by William Whiston




The Wars of the Jews, or The History of the Destruction of Jerusalem by Flavius Josephus, trans. by William Whiston



Gutenberg text

Sanctuary and Survival: The PLO in Lebanon (Boulder: Westview Press, 1990) by Rex Brynen 

The Origin of the Palestine-Israel Conflict (second edition) by Jews for Justice in the Middle East 

Israel: A Country Study, ed. by Helen Chapin Metz 

The Dispersion of Egyptian Jewry: Culture, Politics, and the Formation of Modern Diaspora by Joel Beinin 

Kristallnacht by Simon Wiesenthal Center 

Selma Metzger Winkler: Her Experience in Nazi Concentration Camp by Martin A. Winkler

Childhood in Times of War: An Autobiography (1995) by Andrew Salamon 

Holocaust in Rumania: Facts and Documents on the Annihilation of Rumania's Jews, 1940-44 by Matatias Carp

Someone is Watching Over Me: A Memoir by Florence Mayer Lieblich 

Shattered! 50 Years of Silence: History and Voices of the Tragedy in Romania and Transnistria (electronic edition, 2001) by Felicia Steigman Carmelly 

On the Jewish Question by Karl Marx

The Jews and Modern Capitalism by Werner Sombart, trans. by Mortimer Epstein

The Jew, the Gypsy, and El Islam (1898) by Richard Burton, ed. by William Henry Wilkins 

The International Jew (this edition ca. 1958) by Henry Ford, ed. by Gerald L. K. Smith 

Antisemitism: Its History and Causes (1894) by Bernard Lazare

The Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion by Sergyei Nilus

Concerning the Jews by Mark Twain - HTML at Nizkor  HTML at

The Jewish State by Theodor Herzl, trans. by Sylvie d' Avigdor 

Auto-Emancipation by Leon Pinsker, trans. by David Simon Blondheim

Jordan: A Country

The Armenian File: The Myth of Innocence Exposed by Kamuran G r n 

The Armenian Issue in Ten Questions and Answers by Foreign Policy Institute 

Remembering and Understanding the Armenian Genocide by Rouben Paul Adalian

Nagorno Karabagh: A White Paper by Armenian Center for National and International Studies

Saudi Arabia: A Country Study, ed. by Helen Chapin Metz

Polarization Around the Character of 'Ali ibn Abi Talib by Murtaza Mutahhari 

Persian Gulf States: Country Studies, ed. by Helen Chapin Metz 

Iran: A Country Study, ed. by Helen Chapin Metz 

A Year Amongst the Persians by Edward Granville Browne 

Persepolis and Ancient Iran, ed. by Ursula Schneider 

Democracy Betrayed: A Response to the U. S. State Department Report on the Mojahedin and the Iranian Resistance by National Council of Resistance of Iran 

Central Asian Monuments, ed. by Hasan B. Paksoy - HTML at Kansas - HTML at

Indian Ocean: Five Island Countries, ed. by Helen Chapin Metz 

Heroes of the Age: Moral Fault Lines on the Afghan Frontier by David B. Edwards

Afghanistan: The Soviet Invasion and the Afghan Response, 1979-1982 by M. Hassan Kakar 

Silent Soldier: The Man Behind the Afghan Jehad (1991) by Mohammad Yousaf 

The Bear Trap: Afghanistan's Untold Story (1992) by Mohammad Yousaf and Mark Adkin 

Pakistan: A Country Study, ed. by Peter Blood 

The Sindh Story by K. R. Malkan

The Case of Sindh: G.M. Sayed's Deposition for the Court by Saeen G. M. Syed

Sindhu Desh: A Study in its Separate Identity Through the Ages by Saeen G. M. Syed

Bangladesh: A Country Study, ed. by James Heitzman and Robert Worden 

Some Trouble with Cows: Making Sense of Social Conflict by Beth Roy

The Travels of Dean Mahomet: An Eighteenth-Century Journey through India by Dean Mahomet, ed. by Michael H. Fisher

The Edicts of King Ashoka by King Asoka, trans. by Shravasti Dhammika 

The Fall of the Moghul Empire of Hindustan (1887 edition) by H. G. Keene 

The Story of My Experiments with Truth: An Autobiography by Mahatma Gandhi 

An Atheist With Gandhi by Gora 

Mahatma Gandhi and His Myths by Mark Shepard 

Constructive Programme: Its Meaning and Place by Mahatma Gandhi (text at

Gandhi: Struggling for Autonomy by Ronald Terchek 

Dialogue and History: Constructing South India, 1795-1895 by Eugene F. Irschick

The Rise of Islam and the Bengal Frontier, 1204-1760 by Richard M. Eaton 

Diary of a Pedestrian in Cashmere and Thibet by William Henry Knight - HTML at GeoCities - Gutenberg text; unofficial until 31 Jan 2003

Perspectives on Kerala History: The Second Millennium, ed. by P. J. Cherian

Essays on the Cultural Formation of Kerala: Literature, Art, Architecture, Music, Theatre, Cinema, ed. by P. J. Cherian 

A Forgotten Empire: Vijayanagar: A Contribution to the History of India by Robert Sewell 

Eight Years' Wanderings in Ceylon by Samuel White Baker - illustrated HTML at - Gutenberg text

Sri Lanka: A Country Study, ed. by Russell R. Ross and Andrea Matles Savada 

Nepal and Bhutan: Country Studies, ed. by Andrea Matles Savada 

The Soul of the Far East by Percival Lowell 

Cambodia: A Country Study, ed. by Russell R. Ross 

Cambodia Reborn? The Transition to Democracy and Development (1998) by Grant Curtis 

Laos: A Country Study, ed. by Andrea Matles Savada 

Vietnam: A Country Study, ed. by Ronald J. Cima 

Cannon Fodder: Growing Up for Vietnam by Phillip Coleman 

Prevent the Crime of Silence: Reports from the sessions of the International War Crimes Tribunal founded by Bertrand Russell by International War Crimes Tribunal, ed. by Peter Limqueco and Peter Weiss 

U.S. Army Special Forces, 1961-1971 by Francis J. Kelly

Rethinking Camelot: JFK, the Vietnam War, and U.S. Political Culture by Noam Chomsky 

Vietnam: Why Did We Go? by Avro Manhattan 

CIA and the Vietnam Policymakers: Three Episodes, 1962-1968 by Harold P. Ford (HTML at

Thailand: A Country Study, ed. by Barbara Leitch LePoer 

The English Governess at the Siamese Court: Being Recollections of Six Years in the Royal Palace at Bangkok (Boston: Fields, Osgood, 1870) by Anna Harriette Leonowens

The Golden Chersonese and the Way Thither by Isabella Bird (Gutenberg text; unofficial until 30 Sep 2002)

The Golden Chersonese and the Way Thither (New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1883) by Isabella Bird 

The Malay Archipelago by Alfred Russel Wallace - volume I: Gutenberg text - volume II: Gutenberg text

Singapore: A Country Study, ed. by Barbara Leitch LePoer 

Indonesia: A Country Study, ed. by William H. Frederick and Robert L. Worden

Philippines: A Country Study, ed. by Ronald E. Dolan 

China: A Country Study, ed. by Robert L. Worden, Andrea Matles Savada, and Ronald E. Dolan

Journal of Three Voyages Along the Coast of China in 1831, 1832, & 1833, With Notices of Siam, Corea, and the Loo-Choo Islands by Karl Friedrich August Gutzlaff (PDF files in Singapore)

China Through the Stereoscope: A Journey Through the Dragon Empire at the Time of the Boxer Uprising by James Ricalton, ed. by Jim Zwick 

Houseboat Days in China by John Otway Percy Bland 

Letters of a Shanghai Griffin by Jay Denby 

Two Years in the Forbidden City by Princess Der Ling -   Gutenberg text

Court Life in China by Isaac Taylor Headland - Gutenberg text

Chinese Sketches by Herbert Allen Giles

The Chinese Boy and Girl by Isaac Taylor Headland - Gutenberg text

China and the Manchus by Herbert Allen Giles - Gutenberg ASCII text - Gutenberg 8-bit text

The Civilization of China by Herbert Allen Giles 

Europe in China: The History of Hongkong by Ernest John Eitel 

The History of Rabban Sawma and Mar Yahbh-Allaha, trans. by E. A. Wallis Budge 

Central Pacific by Clayton R. Newell 

New Forces in Old China: An Inevitable Awakening (second edition) by Arthur Judson Brown - Gutenberg text

Problems of the Chinese Revolution by Leon Trotsky, trans. by Max Shachtman 

China and the World War (Macmillan, 1919) by William Reginald Wheeler 

Why Is It that Red Political Power Can Exist in China? by Mao Tse-Tung 

Problems of Strategy in China's Revolutionary War by Mao Tse-Tung 

On Tactics Against Japanese Imperialism by Mao Tse-Tung

On New Democracy by Mao Tse-Tung 

The Tasks of the Chinese Communist Party in the Period of Resistance to Japan by Mao Tse-Tung 

Among the Tibetans by Isabella Bird 

India and Tibet by Francis Edward Younghusband 

Beasts, Men and Gods by Ferdinand Ossendowski 

Games Hong Kong People Play: A Social Psychology of the Hong Kong Chinese (1991) by George Adams 

Mongolia: A Country Study, ed. by Robert L. Worden and Andrea Matles Savada (HTML at LOC)

Formosa Betrayed by George H. Kerr 

Formosa Calling: An Eyewitness Account of the February 28th , 1947 Incident by Allan J. Shackleton 

Japan: A Country Study, ed. by Ronald E. Dolan and Robert L. Worden 

A Teachers' and Textbook Writers' Handbook on Japan by International Society for Educational Information

Unbeaten Tracks in Japan by Isabella Bird 

Diaries of Court Ladies of Old Japan by Lady Murasaki Shikibu, Izumi Shikibu, and Anonymous (11th Century Japan), trans. by Annie Shepley Omori and Kochi Doi (illustrated HTML at Celebration of Women Writers)

Japan from a Japanese Perspective: Some Pointers for Textbook Writers and Publishers by International Society for Educational Information

A Taste of Freedom (1994 edition) by Peng Ming-Min 

Noto: An Unexplored Corner of Japan by Percival Lowell (Gutenberg text)

South Korea: A Country Study, ed. by Andrea Matles Savada and William Shaw 

South to the Naktong, North to the Yalu by Roy E. Appleman

Combat Actions in Korea (1970 edition) by Russell A. Gugeler

Policy and Direction: The First Year by James F. Schnabel 

Combat Support in Korea by John G. Westover 

North Korea: A Country Study, ed. by Andrea Matles Savada


God's Image in Ebony: Being a Series of Biographical Sketches, Facts, Anecdotes, etc., Demonstrative of the Mental Powers and Intellectual Capacities of the Negro Race (London: Partridge & Oakey, 1854), ed. by Henry Gardiner Adams 

100 Great Africans by Alan Rake (frame and cookie-dependent page images at Scarecrow Press)

Sources of the African Past: Case Studies of Five Nineteenth-Century African Societies by David Robinson and Douglas Smith 

The Black Man's Burden: The White Man in Africa from the Fifteenth Century to World War I by Edmund Dene Morel 

Egypt: A Country Study, ed. by Helen Chapin Metz 

A Confederate Soldier in Egypt by William Wing Loring 

The Spell of Egypt by Robert Smythe Hichens 

Egpyt (La Mort de Philae) by Pierre Loti, trans. by William Peter Baines 

Pharaohs, Fellahs and Explorers by Amelia Edwards 

The Pyramids and Temples of Gizeh (1883) by William Matthew Flinders Petrie 

Kahun, Gurob, and Hawara by William Matthew Flinders Petrie 

Karanis: An Egyptian Town in Roman Times, ed. by Elaine K. Gazda 

Illahun, Kahun, and Gurob by William Matthew Flinders Petrie

Archaeology and Historical Problems of the Second Intermediate Period (1975) by Bruce Williams 

The Nile Tributaries of Abyssinia, and the Sword Hunters of the Hamran Arabs by Samuel White Baker 

In the Heart of Africa by Samuel White Baker 

The Albert N'Yanza, Great Basin of the Nile, and Explorations of the Nile Sources by Samuel White Baker

Journal of the Discovery of the Source of the Nile by John Hanning Speke

Sudan: A Country Study, ed. by Helen Chapin Metz 

Libya: A Country Study, ed. by Helen Chapin Metz 

The Green Book by Muammar Qadaffi

Algeria: A Country Study, ed. by Helen Chapin Metz 

Algerian Memories: A Bicycle Tour over the Atlas to the Sahara (London: T. Fisher Unwin, 1895) by Fanny Bullock Workman and William Hunter Workman 

Managing Ethnic Conflict in Africa: Pressures and Incentives for Cooperation (1997) by Donald S. Rothchild 

Ismailia: A Narrative of the Expedition to Central Africa for the Suppression of the Slave Trade, Organized by Ismail, Khedive of Egypt by Samuel White Baker 

Ghana: A Country Study, ed. by LaVerle Berry 

Ethiopia: A Country Study, ed. by Thomas P. Ofcansky and LaVerle Berry

A Voyage to Abyssinia by Jeronimo Lobo, ed. by Henry Morley, trans. by Samuel Johnson 

Somalia: A Country Study, ed. by Helen Chapin Metz 

The Land of Footprints by Stewart Edward White 

Uganda: A Country Study, ed. by Rita M. Byrnes 

The Scars of Death: Children Abducted by the Lord's Resistance Army in Uganda by Human Rights Watch 

Kenya: Political Violence Spirals by Amnesty International

Leave None to Tell the Story: Genocide in Rwanda by Alison Liebhafsky Des Forges 

The Possessed and the Dispossessed: Spirits, Identity, and Power in a Madagascar Migrant Town (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1994) by Lesley Alexandra Sharp 

Trader Horn by Alfred Aloysius Horn, ed. by Ethelreda Lewis 

The Golden Trade: or, A Discovery of the River Gambra, and the Golden Trade of the Aethiopians by Richard Jobson 

Nigeria: A Country Study, ed. by Helen Chapin Metz 

Woman's Mysteries of a Primitive People: The Ibibios of Southern Nigeria (1915) by D. Amaury Talbot 

Cote d'Ivoire: A Country Study, ed. by Robert E. Handloff 

Chad: A Country Study, ed. by Thomas Collelo 

Africa Speaks: West African University Students Write About Their Lives, ed. by Patricia Stoll 

Mauritania: A Country Study, ed. by Robert E. Handloff 

Virginia's Ninth President, Joseph Jenkins Roberts, ed. by C. W. Tazwell 

Zaire: A Country Study, ed. by Sandra W. Meditz and Tim Merrill 

The Crime of the Congo by Arthur Conan Doyle 

King Leopold's Soliloquy: A Defense of His Congo Rule by Mark Twain 

Extracts from the St. Helena Records (1885), ed. by Hudson Ralph Janisch 

Views of Saint Helena (London: John Tyler, 1815) by George Hutchins Bellasis 

A History of the Island of St. Helena, From Its Discovery by the Portuguese to the Year 1806 (London: Black, Parry, and Kingsbury, 1808) by Thomas H. Brooke 

Missionary Travels and Researches in South Africa by David Livingstone 

A Popular Account of Dr. Livingstone's Expedition to the Zambesi and Its Tributaries, and of the Discovery of Lakes Shirwa and Nyassa, 1858-1864 by David Livingstone 

Native Life in South Africa, Before and Since the European War and the Boer Rebellion by Sol Plaatje - HTML in South Africa - Gutenberg text

South Africa: The Peasants' Revolt by Govan Mbeki 

The Political Situation by Olive Schreiner and Samuel Cron Cronwright-Schreiner (HTML at Indiana)

Closer Union: A Letter on the South African Union and the Principles of Government by Olive Schreiner 

The Rise of the South African Reich by Brian Percy Bunting

Letters from the Cape by Lucie Duff Gordon 

The Northward Trek by Stanley Portal Hyatt 

The Story of the Boers, Narrated by Their Own Leaders by Cornelius W. Van Der Hoogt 

The Great Boer War by Arthur Conan Doyle 

Liberation of Southern Africa: Selected Speeches of Olof Palme by Olof Palme, ed. by E. S. Reddy 

Angola: A Country Study, ed. by Thomas Collelo 

Arthur, Peacemaker: The Cross in South Africa by Arthur Blessit 

South Africa's freedom Struggle: Statements, Speeches, and Articles Including Correspondence With Mahatma Gandhi by Yusuf Mohamed Dadoo, ed. by E. S. Reddy 

The Opening of the Apartheid Mind: Options for the new South Africa (Berkeley : University of California Press, 1993) by Heribert Adam and Kogila Moodley 

Oliver Tambo: Selected Articles, Papers, Speeches, Statements and Other Documents, 1960-1993 by Oliver Tambo, ed. by E. S. Reddy 

Bureaucracy and Race: Native Administration in South Africa (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997) by Ivan Thomas Evans

Native Races and the War by Josephine Butler 

DU Oceania, Australia, New Zealand

The Island World of the Pacific by Henry T. Cheever 

In the South Seas by Robert Louis Stevenson 

The Cruise of the Snark by Jack London

Wanderings Among South Sea Savages and in Borneo and the Philippines by H. Wilfrid Walker 

Early Australian Voyages by John Pinkerton 

The Adventures of Louis de Rougemont by Louis de Rougemont

A Lady's Visit to the Gold Diggings of Australia in 1852-53, Written on the Spot by Ellen Clacy


Gutenberg text; unofficial until 31 May 2003

A Narrative of the Expedition to Botany Bay by Watkin Tench - HTML at SETIS

Gutenberg text; unofficial until 30 Nov 2002

Letters From an Exile at Botany-Bay, To His Aunt in Dumfries by Thomas Watling 

A Complete Account of the Settlement at Port Jackson by Watkin Tench - HTML at SETIS - Gutenberg text; unofficial until 30 Nov 2002

The Eureka Stockade by Raffaello Carboni - HTML at SETIS - Gutenberg text; unofficial until 30 Nov 2002

The Island of Desire: The Story of a South Sea Trader by Robert Dean Frisbie

The Hawaiian Islands: Their Progress and Condition Under Missionary Labors by Rufus Anderson 

The Hawaiian Archipelago: Six Months Among the Palm Groves, Coral Reefs, and Volcanoes of the Sandwich Islands by Isabella Bird 

Report of the Royal Commission on the Development of the Resources of the Kingdom: Island of Hawaii by Hawaii Royal Commission on the Development of the Resources of the Kingdom 

The Sandwich Islands As They Are, Not As They Should Be by E. M. Wills Parker 

Hawaii's Story, by Hawaii's Queen by Liliuokalani 

A Footnote to History: Eight Years of Trouble in Samoa by Robert Louis Stevenson - Gutenberg text - HTML at

Suggestions for Further Reading

1*. The introduction is adpated fromWikipedia under the under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License .

Compiled by Jayaram V for

Disclaimer: Links to Third-Party web sites are provided for member convenience only. does not endorse nor support the content of third party links. Any website you visit by a link from this site is solely the responsibility of the vendor, merchant, or other party providing the site. Links that may be accessed via this site are for the convenience of browsers only. We are not responsible for the content, privacy or security of the third-party web sites. The content of, including materials and information contained on, any site to which you link from this site is solely the responsibility of the provider of that web site. is not responsible for any such third party content that may be accessed via this site, nor the organizations publishing those sites, and hereby disclaims any responsibility for such content. Any transactions that you enter into with a vendor, merchant or other party listed in this site or linked from this site are solely between you and that vendor, merchant or other party.

Translate the Page