The second chapter expresses the joy of Self-realization
(ascharyam) and the unity of the Self. It describes creation as
a projection or a formation of the Self. It contains 25 verses.
The following are the links to each verse. Since this is an ongoing
work on the translation and commentary of the Ashtavakra Samhita,
will continue to update our progress until the last chapter.
Verse 1: Janaka said, Oh I have
become aware that I am without blemish, peaceful, and beyond
Nature. Until this time, I was troubled by delusion.
Verse 2: Just as I alone illuminate
this body so do I the whole universe. Therefore, the whole universe
is mine, or nothing is. Commentary
Verse 3: Oh, having renounced the
body together with the universe, I now perceive the Supreme
Self with the discernment of my stable intelligence.
Verse 4: Just as the waves, the
foam and the bubbles that are not different from the water,
so does the universe that emanate from the Self is not different
from the Self. Commentary
Verse 5: Just as upon close examination
the cloth is found to be made up of the cotton thread only you
will find upon close examination that this universe is made
up of the Self only. Commentary
Verse 6: Just as the sugar which
is produced by the sugarcane juice is wholly permeated by that
juice so is the whole universe which is created in me is permeated
by me uninterruptedly. Commentary
Verse 7: The world is reflected
in the ignorance of the Self, but verily does not reflect in
the knowledge of the Self, just as the snake is reflected in
the ignorance of the rope and does not reflect in the knowledge
of it. Commentary
Verse 8: Light is my true nature.
I am not different from it or other than it. When this universe
shines, then it is I who only shines.
Verse 9: Oh, the universe shines
in me as an alternative due to ignorance just as silver in the
mother of pearl, snake in the rope, and water in the sunlight.
Verse 10: The universe that has
emanated from me will become dissolved in me just as the pot
into the clay, the wave into water and the bracelet into gold.
Verse 11: Oh, my Self! Salutations
to my Self, who is indestructible and remains firmly established
even when the whole world, from Brahma and the life down to
a clod of grass, is destroyed. Commentary
Verse 12: Oh, my Self! Salutations
to my Self. I am One even with the body, neither going nor coming
anywhere, but established pervading the whole universe.
Verse 13: Oh my Self! Salutations
to my Self. There is no one as skillful as I, who am steadily
holding the universe without touching it with the body.
Verse 14: You have been caught
for long in the bonds of body love, son. Knowing the Self by
cutting that (the attachment) with the sword of knowledge, you
will be happy. Commentary
Verse 15: Knowledge, the knowable,
and the knower, these three do not exist in reality. I am that
spotless Self in which this triad appears because of ignorance.
Verse 16: Oh, the duality is the
root cause of sorrow. For that there is no better remedy except
the realization that all that is seen is unreal, and that I
am the one, pure, blissful consciousness.
Verse 17: I am pure intelligence.
Because of ignorance I have created attributes for myself. By
constantly reflecting upon this I establish myself in the formless
state of self-absorption. Commentary
Verse 18: I have neither bondage
nor liberation. Without the support, my illusion has subsided.
Oh, the universe is established in me, but truly it does not
exist in me. Commentary
Verse 19: This body together with
the universe is nothing. This is certain. The self is pure consciousness
only. Therefore, now why to seek the imaginary ones?
Verse 20: The body, heaven and
hell, bondage and liberation, so also fear all this is mere
formation. What purpose they serve me who is pure consciousness?
Verse 21: Oh, I do not see any
duality in the midst of people. Then, what do I have to do with
attachments that grow (or become) like a forest?
Verse 22: I am not the body, nor
do I possess the body. I am also not a jiva, the living being.
I am verily consciousness only. Longing for life, surely this
one alone was the cause of my bondage.
Verse 23: Oh, in the limitless
great ocean of myself by the winds of consciousness are produced
instantly waves of wonderful worlds. Commentary
Verse 24: In the limitless great
ocean of myself as the winds of consciousness subside, the moving
boat of the miserable jiva, the trader, perishes.
Verse 25: It is incredible that
in the infinite ocean of myself waves of beings arise, fight,
play and disappear according to their nature.