The Bhagavadgita Wisdom

The Wisdom of the Upanishads, Main Page

The Upanishads constitute the fourth or the end part of the Ve-das. Since they form the end part of the Vedas, they are also collectively known as the Vedanta. Anta means, the end and Ve-da means knowledge. Vedanta thus not only means the end of the Vedas but also the end of all knowing and seeking. When you study the Upanishads and realize the knowledge contained in them, you reach the end of all knowing and enter into the eternal world of Brahman that has no beginning and no end. Based upon their content, the Upanishads are classified into Ve-danta Upanishads, Yoga Upanishads, and Sanyasa Upanishads. In addition, there are some Vaishnava and Saiiva Upanishads also. Based upon their composition they are classified into prose Upanishads and verse Upanishads. For example Brihadaranyaka, Chandogya, Taittiriya and Kena are prose Upanishads. while Isavasya. Katha, Mundaka and Svetasvatara are verse Upanishads. The Upanishads, the Brahmasutras and the Bhagavadgita occu-py a very important place in Hindu religious philosophy. Together they are considered the three that lead to the Place of Brahman (prastana traya). Of all the Upanishads, Brihadaranyaka, Aitareya, Chandogya, Kausitaki, Kena, Taittiriya, Isa and Katha Upanishads are considered the most ancient, composed long before the emergence of Buddhism. Excerpts from The Selected Upanishads by Jayaram V