Suggested Further Reading
Notes and References
1. Donald A.
Myths of Pre-Columbian America, Blackie & Sons
Ltd, UK, p.222, 381, 382, 476, 500 etc.
………………………, Buddhism in Pre-Christrian Britain,
Blackie & Sons Ltd, UK, 1922, p.46, 54, 92-93, 101, etc.
Chamanlal, Hindu America, Hosiapur V. V.
Research Institute, 1956., pp.233-255.
Mahabharat Critical Edition.
India’s Contribution to World Culture and Thought,
Vivekananda Kendra, Madars.
2. Suppression and
destruction of archaeological evidences and misinterpretation of
such evidences have been orchestrated work of the interested
groups working at national and international levels.
Destruction of Bamiyan Buddha statues.
Looting of Kabul musuem and destruction of Kanishka stature
Looting of sites of Mohanjadaro and sealing of them.
Looting of Bagdad musuem and disappearance of 5000 years old
3. R. C. Majumdar,
Hindu Colonies, Firmas K. L. Mukhopadhyay, Calcutta,
Reginald Le May, The Culture of South-East Asia,
National Book Trust, New Delhi, 1962.
4. Rajendra Chola
with his naval fleet and army reached many countries in 12th
century and conquered the lands – Jave, Sumatra, Borneo,
Ilamuridesam etc., He left their representatives and returned.
The Chinese too acknowledged their suzertainty and in fact,
mentioned the Eastern Ocean as “Chola’s Ocean” in their records.
5. Colloquium on the
Date of Khurukshetra War Based on Astronomical Data
held in Bangalore on January 5th and 6th
2003. Based on planetary software, B. Narahari Achar and others
prove that the traditional date about 3100 BCE tally with the
stellar and planetary position as depicted in the Mahabharata
when compared with the simulated figures.
6. That script was
developed only after Asokan Brahmi (3rd cent.BCE) and
therefore, Indian could have leaned to write only after 3rd
cent.BCE. Moreover, as Mahabharat mentions about Buddhists and
Yavanas, it could have incorporated such details only after 3rd
7. M. Winternitze,
A Histrory of Indian Literatrure, University of
Calcutta, 1978, Vol.I, Part.II, p.408.
The inscriptional evidences proving that already about 500
CE, the Mahabharata was no longer an actual epic, but a sacred
text-book and religious discourse is given by the following
R. G. Bhandarker, JBRAS, 10, 1871-2, pp.81 ff.
K. T. Telang, SDE, Vol.8, pp.28 ff
G. Buhler and J. Kirste, Indian Studies, II, SWA, 1892.
8. The authorities
differ in dating the Sangam literature, as they differ about the
existence of Sangam, correlation of megalithic culture with
Sangam period, Aryan-Dravidian controversies, Kumarikkandam
Particularly, the western scholars – Asko Parpola (2000) -
recently try to place it upto 8th century CE and of
course, this is nothing but revival and presentation of views of
K. N. Sivaraja Pillai, L. D. Swamikannu Pillai etc., in
different way under the guise of archaeological and linguistic
and Pattuppattu have been taken for interpretation
in this paper.
10. M. Raghava
Araychi Toghuthi, Tamil University, Tanjavur,
12. K. A. Nilakanta
A History of South India, Oxford University Press,
Madras, 1966, p.88.
13. N. K. Sahu,
Kharavela, Orissa State Museuem,
14. K. P. Jayswal,
15a. P. T. Srinivasa Iyengar,
History of Tamils From the Earliest times to 650 A.D, C.
Coomasawmy Naidu & Sons, Madras, 1929, pp.88-90.
15b. M. Ragava Iyengar, opt.cit,
21. C. V. Vaidya,
Mahabharata – A Criticism, Cosmos Publications, New
Delhi, 1983 (1905 Reprint), pp.9-12, 22-36
22. C. R. Deshpande,
Transmission of the Mahabharata Tradition,
Institute of Advanced Study, Simla, 1978.
23. M. R. Joshi,
Distorted Text of Mahabharata, Itihas Darpan, Vol.IX,
No.2, July 2003, pp.50-53
24. K. V. Ramakrishna
Rao, Sir Isaac Newton and India, Bharatiya Itihasa
Sankalana Samiti, Chennai, 2003, p.21.
Mahabharata Tatparya Nirnayam,
Critical Studies in Mahabharat, V. S. Sukthankar
Memorial Edition Committee, Pune, 1944.
27. M. Raghava
Iyengar, opt.cit, Valmiki and South India,
Ibid, Ramayana and Tamil Tradition, pp.16-51.
28. The impression of
an Akkadian cylinder seal that, according to its inscription,
belonged to “Su-lisu, Meluhha interpreter’.
29. Asko Parpola,
Deciphering the Indus Script, Cambridge University
Press, UK, 2000, pp.11-15, 170 etc.
30. S. Kalyanaraman, a
paper presented during the National Seminar held at Pondicherry
on “Indus Valley Civilization: A Review of Recent Research” on
September 28, 2003. Also available in the website.
Georges Roux, Ancient Iraq, Penguin Books, USA,
The Great Epic
300-100 BCE to be the probable date of the
Cambridge History of India
He gives the limits 4th cent.BCE to 4th cent. CE
s.11, t.V, 1915, p.122
Concludes from the agreement between the geography of
the Buddhist Mahamayuri with that of Mahabharata, that
the latter received its final redaction in the first
three or four centuries CE.
34. Bupaya on the river bank in at Hlaung
Gyaung in Pagan (between Irawati and Salwin rivers) is the
oldest temple, which contains a stone sculpture with Dasavatara,
where, the 9th one is Buddha assigned to 10th cent.CE.
Therefore, it is evident that Dasavatara concept had already
been established in India to come to Pagan in 10th century.