The following is an excerpt from the draft copy
of the forthcoming
book of Jayaram V entitled, "The Bhagavadgita, Complete
Translation." This book (ISBN: 978-1-935760-04-7) is scheduled for release
in April - May 2011.
Chapter 14 - Sloka 16
karmanah sukrtasyāhuh sāttvikah nirmalah phalam
rajasas tu phalam duhkham ajñānam tamasah phalam
karmanah = actions; su-krtasya = of good; ahuh = they say; sattvikam
= born of sattva; nirmalam = pure; phalam = fruit; rajasah = of rajas; tu = but; phalam =
fruit; duhkham = sorrow; ajnanam = ignorance; tamasah
tamas; phalam = fruit.
"They say that the fruit of good actions is
pure and born of sattva; but the fruit of rajas is sorrow; the fruit of tamas is
Commentary: Good leads to good. Sattva
promotes sattva in all forms. So is the case with the other
two qualities. Sattva is transformative and purely divine.
For the embodied beings, sattva is the key to peace,
happiness and liberation. Sattva is the source of righteous
conduct and our intelligence. When the body is filled with
sattva exclusively, it leads to purification (suddhi) of the
mind, whereby one experiences cheerfulness, one-pointedness,
stability, self-control and the ability to perceive the
Self. Form them arises the highest happiness (anuttama sukha).
According to yoga philosophy, from the accumulation of
sattva and the purification of the mind and the body, a yogi
becomes perfect and efficient in his thinking and actions.
He succeeds in establishing contact with his chosen deity
and experiences samadhi for increased periods of time, which
eventually leads to his liberation and attainment of supreme
bliss. Thus, sattva is conducive to the onset of brighter
things in the mind and the body and life in general. On the
other hand, rajas and tamas are considered impurities
because they clog the mind and the body and make it
inefficient and imperfect. Most of the ills in society and
in our behavior arise from rajas and tamas. Action induced by them
lead to attachment, egoism, pride, ambition, envy, greed and
sexual passion. Hence, their fruit is sorrow and ignorance.
The Yoga Vashista says that those who cultivate sattva do
not live mechanically indulging in indiscriminate actions.
They enquire into the nature of the appearance of the world,
by studying the scriptures and consulting the holy people.
With it, they develop a clear understanding and discernment
and perceive the truth concerning themselves and the world
in which they live. Sattva leads to both purity of the mind
and the body and clarity of thinking and perception. One
should therefore aim to cultivate sattva and develop the
divine qualities whereby one moves closer to the worlds of
light and pure delight.
Suggested Further Reading