1. The snarer who rules alone by his powers, who rules all
the worlds by his powers, who is one and the same, while things arise and
exists, - they who know this are immortal.
2. For there is one Rudra only, they do not allow a second,
who rules all the worlds by his powers. He stands behind all persons, and after
having created all worlds he, the protector, rolls it up at the end of time.
3. That one god, having his eyes, his face, his arms, and his
feet in every place, when producing heaven and earth, forges them together with
his arms and his Wings.
4. He, the creator and supporter of the gods, Rudra, the
great seer, the lord of all, he who formerly gave birth to Hiranyagarbha, may he
endow us with good thoughts.
5. O Rudra, thou dweller in the mountains, look upon us with
that most blessed form of thine which is auspicious, not terrible, and reveals
6. O lord of the mountains, make lucky that arrow which thou,
a dweller in the mountains, holdest in thy hand to shoot. Do not hurt man or
7. Those who know beyond this the High Brahman, the vast,
hidden in the bodies of all creatures, and alone enveloping everything, as the
Lord, they become immortal.
8. I know that great person (purusha) of sunlike lustre
beyond the darkness. A man who knows him truly, passes over death; there is no
other path to go.
9. This whole universe is filled by this person (purusha), to
whom there is nothing superior, from whom there is nothing different, than whom
there is nothing smaller or larger, who stands alone, fixed like a tree in the
10. That which is beyond this world is without form and
without suffering. They who know it, become immortal, but others suffer pain
11. That Bhagavat exists in the faces, the heads, the necks
of all, he dwells in the cave (of the heart) of all beings, he is all-pervading,
therefore he is the omnipresent Siva.
12. That person (purusha) is the great lord; he is the mover
of existence, he possesses that purest power of reaching everything, he is
light, he is undecaying.
13. The person (purusha), not larger than a thumb, dwelling
within, always dwelling in the heart of man, is perceived by the heart, the
thought, the mind, they who know it become immortal.
14. The person (purusha) with a thousand heads. a thousand
eyes, a thousand feet, having compassed the earth on every side, extends beyond
it by ten fingers' breadth.
15. That person alone (purusha) is all this, what has been
and what will be; he is also the lord of immortality; he is whatever grows by
16. Its hands and feet are everywhere, its eyes and head are
everywhere, its ears are every-where, it stands encompassing all in the world.
17. Separate from all the senses, yet reflecting the
qualities of all the senses, it is the lord and ruler of all, it is the great
refuge of all.
18. The embodied spirit within the town with nine gates, the
bird, flutters outwards, the ruler of the whole world, of all that rests and of
all that moves.
19. Grasping without hands, hasting without feet, he sees
without eyes, he hears without ears. He knows what can be known, but no one
knows him; they call him the first, the great person (purusha).
20. The Self, smaller than small, greater than great, is
hidden in the heart of the creature. A man who has left all grief behind, sees
the majesty, the Lord, the passionless, by the grace of the creator (the Lord).
21. I know this undecaying, ancient one, the self of all
things, being infinite and omnipresent. They declare that in him all birth is
stopped, for the Brahma-students proclaim him to be eternal.
1. He, the sun, without any colour, who with set purpose by
means of his power (sakti) produces endless colours, in whom all this comes
together in the beginning, and comes asunder in the end-may he, the god, endow
us with good thoughts.
2. That (Self) indeed is Agni (fire), it is Aditya (sun), it
is Vayu (wind), it is Kandramas (moon); the same also is the starry firmament,
it is Brahman (Hiranyagarbha), it is water, it is Prajapati (Virag).
3. Thou art woman, thou art man; thou art youth, thou art
maiden; thou, as an old man, totterest along on thy staff; thou art born with
thy face turned everywhere.
4. Thou art the dark-blue bee, thou art the green parrot with
red eyes, thou art the thunder-cloud, the seasons, the seas. Thou art without
beginning, because thou art infinite, thou from whom all worlds are born.
5. There is one unborn being (female), red, white, and black,
uniform, but producing manifold offspring. There is one unborn being (male) who
loves her and lies by her; there is another who leaves her, while she is eating
what has to be eaten.
6. Two birds, inseparable friends, cling to the same tree.
One of them eats the sweet fruit, the other looks on without eating.
7. On the same tree man sits grieving, immersed, bewildered,
by his own impotence (an-isa). But when he sees the other lord (isa) contented,
and knows his glory, then his grief passes away.
8. He who does not know that indestructible being of the
Rig-veda, that highest ether-like (Self) wherein all the gods reside, of what
use is the Rig-veda to him? Those only who know it, rest contented.
9. That from which the maker (mayin) sends forth all this-the
sacred verses, the offerings, the sacrifices, the panaceas, the past, the
future, and all that the Vedas declare - in that the other is bound up through
10. Know then Prakriti (nature) is Maya (art), and the great
Lord the Mayin (maker); the whole world is filled with what are his members.
11. If a man has discerned him, who being one only, rules
over every germ (cause), in whom all this conics too-ether and comes asunder
again, who is the lord, the bestower of blessing, the adorable god, then he
passes for ever into that peace.
12. He, the creator and supporter of the gods, Rudra, the
great seer, the lord of all, who saw Hiranyagarbha being born, may he endow us
with good thoughts.
13. He who is the sovereign of the gods, he in whom all the
worlds rest, he who rules over all twofooted and four-footed beings, to that god
let us sacrifice an oblation.
14. He who has known him who is more subtile than subtile, in
the midst of chaos, creating all things, having many forms, alone enveloping
everything, the happy one (Siva), passes into peace for ever.
15. He also was in time the guardian of this world, the lord
of all, hidden in all beings. In him the Brahmarshis and the deities are united,
and he who knows him cuts the fetters of death asunder.
16. He who knows Siva (the blessed) hidden in all beings,
like the subtile film that rises from out the clarified butter,, alone
enveloping everything,he who knows the god, is freed from all fetters.
17. That god, the maker of all thing, the great Self, always
dwelling in the heart of man, is perceived by the heart, the soul' the mind; -
they who know it become immortal.
18. When the light has risen, there is no day, no night,
neither existence nor non-existence; Siva (the blessed) alone is there. That is
the eternal, the adorable light of Savitri, - and the ancient wisdom proceeded
19. No one has grasped him above, or across, or in the
middle. There is no image of him whose name is Great Glory.
20. His form cannot be seen, no one perceives him with the
eye. Those who through heart and mind know him thus abiding in the heart, become
21. 'Thou art unborn,' with these words some one comes near
to thee, trembling. O Rudra, let thy gracious face protect me for ever!
22. O Rudra! hurt us not in our offspring and descendants,
hurt us not in our own lives, nor in our cows, nor in our horses! Do not slay
our men in thy wrath, for holding oblations, we call on thee always.