Essays on Brahman
Brahman in Vedic Tradition: This is the audio version
of a chapter entitled "Brahman in Vedic Tradition,"
from the book Brahman by Jayaram V, published by Pure
Life Vision LLC.
Advaita Vedanta the
Experience of Oneness: Advaita means
non-duality or absence of duality. It is a state of
oneness with the rest of creation, of the subject with
the object, of the knower with the known, of the lower
self with the highest self and of the ordinary consciousness
with the higher consciousness. It comes with a heightened
sense of awareness in which one sees everything in oneself
and as oneself.
Brahman the Supreme
Universal Lord of All: Brahman is
the central theme of almost all the Upanishads. Brahman
is the indescribable, inexhaustible, omniscient, omnipresent,
original, first, eternal and absolute principle who
is without a beginning, without an end , who is hidden
in all and who is the cause, source, material and effect
of all creation known, unknown and yet to happen in
the entire universe.
I. Brahman :
Brahman is the very space and the entire universe, with
billions of galaxies and interstellar spaces and much
more than that. The idea of Brahman probably entered
the consciousness of ancient Hindu seers as they contemplated
upon the vast expansive sky and the star studded mysterious
night skies. The Upanishads present a grand view of
this Absolute and highest god of Hinduism. Read the
greatness and significance of Brahman from this article.
II. Belief in One God
: There is a misconception among many that Hindus
worship many gods and nothing else. To those not familiar
with Hinduism, this practice of Hindus appear absurd
and primitive. The way Hindus worship gods is different
from the way the ancient Hittites or the Mediterranean
people worshipped their gods. Know from this article
why Hindus worship so many gods and goddesses, but how
at the same time firmly believe in the unquestionable
fact that God is but one indivisible Supreme Truth.
- I am Brahman, Aham BrahmasmiThe statement "I
am Brahman" is both a postulation on the state
of Brahman at an intellectual level and an expression
of an enlightened yogi ( Brahmajnani) in a state of
self-realization. The first comes out of an insight
through study that "I am" is the state of "Brahman".
The second comes out of an inner experience that "I
am indeed none other than Brahman".
III. The 24 principles
of Creation: It has been said that Samkhya philosophy
was the greatest achievement of ancient Indian scholarship.
The Samkhyas were originally atheists in the sense that
they did not accept the concept of a Supreme creator.
But they contributed to Hinduism the concept of Prakriti
and evolution of life which was subsequently modified
and absorbed into mainstream Hinduism, through such
works as the Bhagavad gita, the epics, and the Puranas.
Know from this article the twenty four principles of
IV. Aspects of Brahman
: Brahman is both the unmanifest and the manifest,
the formless and the one with form. He is here and beyond.
There are four grand aspects of Brahman, which are not
known even to many Hindus. What are these aspects? Read
this article to know.
V. Shedding Light
on Atman, the True Self When discussing ultimate
spiritual topics, it is necessary to keep in mind at
all times that words and concepts do not suffice. Any
attempt we make to describe the transcendental is ultimately
futile, for the boundless cannot be encapsulated within
a concept, a word, a name, or a form
- Brahman is Knowledge Knowledge (jnanam) is
of different kinds. There is the lower knowledge of
the Vedic rites and rituals, of the smritis, sutras,
puranas, darshanas and vedangas, and the higher knowledge
of Atman (self) and Brahman (supreme-self).
Emanations, Incarnations and Forms of God in Vaishnava
Tradition The Vaishnava tradition of Hinduism
recognizes five aspects of the Supreme Being: (Paramatman),
which are : Para, the transcendental Supreme Being beyond
all. Vyuhas, the emanations of God who reside in the
higher planes. Vibhavas, the incarnations of God who
appear upon earth from time to time. Antaryami, the
immanent being who resides in all beings as a partner
of the soul. Arcavatara, the consecrated image of God
made out of earthly material, which is worshipped by
His devotees as God Himself.
according to Advaita and Dvaita schools of thought
In Advaita Vedanta, Brahman is without attributes
and strictly impersonal. It can be best described as
infinite Being, infinite Consciousness and infinite
Bliss. It is pure knowledge itself, similar to a source
of infinite radiance.
meaning and significance Bhagavan means He who
resides or abides in the things and qualities mentioned
above. In simple terms bhagvan is God. In symboic terms
bhagavan is represented by many objects and forms, famour
being "salagrama" and "sivaling".
Brahma, the Creator
and First God of Hindu Trinity Brahma
is the source, the seed and the creator of all beings
in this world. At the time of creation, he emerged as
the first differentiated consciousness (the first ego)
from the primal waters (universal consciousness). He
is called svayambhu because in reality none created
him. He created himself.
VII. Difficulties in Understanding
Brahman : Any attempt to explain Brahman to
the satisfaction of a mind that is driven by reason
and familiar with the concretization of thought is fraught
with enormous difficulties, because that which is inexplicable
cannot be explained by any amount of reasoning and logic.
Brahman is beyond the senses, beyond the mind, beyond
our intelligence and dreams... Know from this article
why it is so difficult for the human mind to conceptualize
the idea and the grandeur of Brahman.
IX. The Advaita
Vedanta the Experience of Oneness Many religions
that we know including the atheistic religions such
as Jainism and Buddhism are dualistic. So are Judaism,
Zoroastrianism, Christianity and Islam.
of Self: A few minutes of prayer, a little
attention to God, may be better in a way compared to
no religious activity. But if any one believes that
it is going to bring him or her face to face with God
he or she is badly mistaken. To experience God one has
to go beyond the mundane and the ordinary and be prepared
to make great demands upon oneself, with unwavering
faith and uncompromising discipline.
X. The Brahma Wheel
: The Svetavatara Upanishad describes the qualities
of the manifest creation inhabited by the divine power
of God (devatma-shakti). Unlike the Prakriti of the
Samkhya school, the Shakti that is described here is
not independent of Brahman but an aspect of Him. This
article describes the qualities of the manifested creation.
XI. Brahman and Self-Realization:
Who is this mysterious Brahman? Who is this Being, whom
we call God, who is described so beautifully in the
Upanishads, extolled for centuries by seers and sages
in the sacred land of the Vedas? This essay explains
the MYSTERY OF SELF REALIZATION.
Concept of Brahman As Priest and As Supreme Self
This article traces the origin and development of
the concept of Brahman and his symbolic association
with vedic rituals.
God and Self and Their
Relationship in Hinduism This article attempts
to explain the relationship between God and individual
soul according to the Upanishads.