by Jayaram V
Kumaraswami, also known as Subramanyaswami, is the elder son of Siva and
Parvathi. Unlike Ganesha, he is of beautiful form. He is intelligent and knowledgeable and uses a peacock as his vehicle. According to the legends, he was created by Siva and Parvathi to slay a demon by the name Tarakasura. After he was born, Siva made him the commander in chief of his armies and instructed him to fight the demon. Though he was young, he fought bravely and slew the demon, for which he earned the title Tarkari. As a boy he was suckled by the six divine mothers of the constellation known as Krittika (Pleaides) and thus came to be known as Kartikeya. As the elder son of Siva he is addressed fondly as Kumara, which means a boy of eternal youth. Since he
is generally pleasant and peaceful, unlike the hyperactive Ganesha, he is also called Santakumara.
Because he is very a aggressive and a ferocious attacker in wars, he is called Skanda, which means he who attacks. He became Krauchabhetta after breaking apart a mountain called Krauncha. He is also known as Guha (the secret), Gangeya (son of Ganga) and Swaminatha.
In the images he is shown with six heads and twelve arms or with one head and two arms. He is also depicted variously as sitting on his knees, seated on a pedestal with his Shaktis, standing by the side of his peacock or riding upon it. The peacock is generally shown as holding a snake or standing upon its hood. Valli and Devasena are his consorts or Shaktis. His temples are generally located on the hill tops, suggestive of his association with Siva who himself is a mountain dweller. Compared to Ganesha, Kumaraswami is not that popular. However his popularity has increased in recent time immensely because of his connection with Swami Ayyappa.
Swami Ayyappa: There is a famous temple in Kerala, on the top of a hill
at Sabarimalai, which houses the famous deity, Swami Ayyappa. He is visited by millions of devotees every year during the winter season. In order to see this god devotees undergo many austerities and observations. They wear black clothes, observe 40 days of strict austerities and vows of celibacy and trek through a deep forest carrying their meager belongings and chanting all the way the name of Ayyappa. According to the legends his original name was Manikanthan. He was created by the combined power of Vishnu and Siva. Because of this he is also called Hariharaputra, the son of Hari and Hara. He was created specially for the purpose of killing a demoness called Mahisha who was the wife of Mahishasura, whom goddess Durga killed previously and who after the
death of her husband, cried for revenge and started giving a lot of trouble to the gods. Both Vishnu and Siva decided to manifest Manikanthan and deal with this demoness. After he was created, Manikanthan was brought up by a king called Rajasekharan as his own son. At the age of twelve, Manikanthan slew the demoness and then disappeared having giving instructions to his father to build a temple in his name on the top of the hill. This temple is today famous as the temple of Ayyappa of Sabarimalai. Many people believe him to be an incarnation of Kumaraswami.
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