Commentary by Jayaram V
The Second chapter of the Bhagavadgita is known as Samkhya Yoga or
the Yoga of Knowledge. It is considered by many as the summary of the Bhagavadgita,
because it contains all the fundamental ideas and concepts described else where
in the book. The Samkhya Yoga of the Bhagavadgita is different from the Samkhya
philosophy of Hinduism except for the basic concepts such as Prakriti and nature
The second chapter is also one of the longest with 72 verses. We have
presented below our interpretation of the first 21 verses of this important chapter
of the Bhagavadgita. The first 21 verses have a deep spiritual significance because
they are relevant for those who are on the threshold of joining the spiritual life.
A commentary is always a subjective interpretation of an individual.
Its contents depend upon his or her inner evolution and state of mind. The individual
seeks what he wants from a scripture, not necessarily what it actually contains,
because human beings have a limitation in understanding the objectivity of a spiritual
One should not overlook the fact that a commentary is still with in
the realm of its reader's intellect. It is still part of his mental world. An understanding
of a scripture is still an intellectual exercise, more than spiritual. It cannot
be equated with a revelation or a deep spiritual experience.
These commentaries should also be treated as such. They represent
a point of view, a certain perspective or approach, the expression of a little drop
of devotion in the ocean of eternal knowledge.
Bhagavadgita Chapter 2 Verses 1- 21